Highlights of Paris: Eiffel and Monet to Crème Brûlée

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Watch at: 00:00 / 00:00:20Hi, I'm Rick Steves, back with more of the best of Europe.This time we're exploring the wonders of Paris,magnificent and, thanks to Monsieur Eiffel, riveting.Watch at: 00:20 / 00:40To me, Paris is the capital of Europe.Watch at: 00:40 / 01:00It's the city I can return to more than any other,with grand monuments that need no introduction,and it hides a lifetime of cultural delights.Everything in this episode is within easy reachby foot or Métro.We'll see some icons of this great city,Watch at: 01:00 / 01:20the Industrial-Age iron of the Eiffel Towerand the medieval stonework of Notre-Dame.Then we'll see stark realism and dreamy impressionismin the Orsay Gallery.Escargot.We'll join a friend dining on French favorites.So you stab it?Yes.After lurking with bones in the catacombs,we'll see how the French RevolutionWatch at: 01:20 / 01:40helped create this grand city.The Seine River splits the cityinto the Right Bank and the Left Bank.Its two islands markthe center of the old town.Most of the essential sightslie near the Notre-Dame,between the Eiffel Tower,the Latin Quarterand Montmartre,the city's highest point.Watch at: 01:40 / 02:00The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 to celebratethe 100th anniversary of the French Revolutionand to show off at a World's Fair.It was a muscular symbol of the Industrial Age.To a generation hooked on technology,it was the marvel of its day,trumpeting progress and man's ingenuity.Watch at: 02:00 / 02:20This 900-foot-tall tower has three observation levels.The higher you go, the more you pay.For me, the middle level is plenty high.Thousands of iron bars and millions of rivets,all assembled in just over two years.Watch at: 02:20 / 02:40Today, it stands tall, an exclamation point,symbolizing the proud, independent spiritof the French.The Trocadero Square, across the river,is the place to view the towerand to check out a colorful scene.Parisians own their city.Watch at: 02:40 / 03:00In fact, twice a week streets are closedand thousands turn out to roll through their cityin an exuberant celebration of life.Paris was born centuries before Christ,right here on the Ile de la Cité,Watch at: 03:00 / 03:20an island in the middle of the Seine River.The Romans conquered the local fishing tribe and set up camp.Today, the Notre-Dame Cathedral marks the placewhere a Roman temple once stood.The city's first bishop, St. Denis,holds his head in his hands.When Christianity began making converts here,the pagan Romans beheaded him.Watch at: 03:20 / 03:40But, according to legend, Denis just picked up his headand kept on going.Inspired by this miracle, Christianity flourishedand the temple was replaced by a church.Imagine the faith of the people who built this,breaking ground in 1163 on a buildingwhich wouldn't be finished for 200 years.Watch at: 03:40 / 04:00Gothic architects incorporated the latest technology:flying buttresses to support the heavy rooftop.Its ghoulish gargoyles multi-task:they serve as fancy rainspoutsand scare away the evil spirits.The church is dedicated to "our lady," or notre dame.Mary cradles the baby Jesus;Watch at: 04:00 / 04:20the rose window provides a majestic halo.The virgin Mary was highly reveredthroughout the Middle Ages.The faithful petitioned her in times of troublefor both comfort and, through her intervention, God's mercy.As worshippers headed for mass,they'd walk under a relief of Judgment Day.Christ sits on his throne.Watch at: 04:20 / 04:40The trumpet sounds.All are judged:peasants, knights, nobles, royals, even bishops.An angel weighs cute little soulswhile cheating demons yank on the scales.The saved stand happily at Christ's right hand...Watch at: 04:40 / 05:00...the damned, a sorry chain gang, are on his left.Carvings like that,and like this scene of Eve tempting Adam with an apple,remind us that this art was more than decoration.These images reinforcedthe stories people learned in church.While the church is dedicated to Mary,the rest of Paris seems dedicated to regular Parisians.Watch at: 05:00 / 05:20The old center, with its two islandsin the middle of the Seine, retains a charming elegance.The Ile de la Cité is laden with historic sights.But the little Ile St. Louis,connected by a pedestrian bridge,is laden only with the delights of good living.Watch at: 05:20 / 05:40Arnaud.Oh, Rick.Ça va.Ça va bien, oui.I'm rendezvousing with my Parisian friendand fellow tour guide, Arnaud Servignat.Great island.Yeah, this is Ile St. Louis, Rick.I love this place.You know, all around in this really uniform architecture,everything dating from the 17th century,and the beautiful apartments --very expensive, the most expensive in town --Watch at: 05:40 / 06:00and I wish I could have an apartment here,if I could afford it.This is very trendy to live here?Oh my God, wonderful.And all along the streets you've got some galleries,quaint little boutiques, and restaurants,and just down the street there is a place, Berthillon,where you have the best sorbets in Paris.Really?Yeah.Yes, the island is charming,Watch at: 06:00 / 06:20but the whole city of Paris is charming.In fact, it faces the River Seine,and the River Seine has been called by Parisians,"the mirror of the city."It's a great people zone.Yeah, you know, people strolling...Watch at: 06:20 / 06:40Yeah, it's a promenade...Wandering around...Festivals here?Yes, indeed.On the Bastille Day we have a big party here,big dancing organized.Dancing!Dancing all around the place.And today it's just so relaxed.So what is the French word for these little stalls?Bouquinistes, we call them.It comes from the name bouquin, which is old French.Okay, so "old books" in old French?Old books, yes.Watch at: 06:40 / 07:00And they sell prints, you know.And it goes back a long time?Oh, back to the 1600s, yes, indeed.There were, you know, very wild vendorswhich were all along the River Seine like that.And they had to be regulated in the 19th centurybecause they were so wild.It's just a classic Parisian scene.It has, you know, kind of a bohemian lifestyle.I'm taking Arnaud to lunch.Watch at: 07:00 / 07:20Against his advice,I'm eating all the Parisian cuisine clichés in one meal.This is a kir, you know, a good civilized way to start a meal.So it's an aperitif?Mm-hmm.Tell me about the aperitif.Aperitif is to open your appetite.Escargot.Escargot!Oh, Rick, look at that. It looks fabulous.Watch at: 07:20 / 07:40This looks very nice.Merci.Soupe al'oignon.So, this is the first course?Yes, this is the entrée.And actually, you guys call the "entrée" the main course,when the entrée is the starter in France.That makes sense, actually.Okay, I have my escargot.And I just use this?Allors, yes.Watch at: 07:40 / 08:00So you stab it?Yes.Then you twist it out.It comes out eventually.Very chewy, you will see.Oh, that's good.Good, huh?Garlic, parsley.A lot of tourists don't want the escargot, but I love it.What is the history of the onion soup?Ah, onion soup is something you eat more in the wintertimebecause, you know, it was to warm up the employeesof the central market during the nighttime.Watch at: 08:00 / 08:20I eat onion soup all year.I know, you guys, Americans, are eating everythingall year round.[ laughter ]Merci, I think.This is actually the main course,plate principal in French.Plate principal.Plate principal.Okay, the "principal plate."Absolutely, yes.Okay, steak tartare.Watch at: 08:20 / 08:40Steak tartare, yes.Very famous.Do you know what it is of?No.It's fresh raw beef.This is raw beef?Raw beef.Very fresh.The spice comes from the Worcestershire sauce,the ketchup, the mustard, the tabasco, salt, pepper,and the yolk of an egg,and then you just mix it all together with the beef.Do you like it?Yes, I love it.Watch at: 08:40 / 09:00You've introduced me to something new.This one is so good.I can't believe it.I'm eating raw beef and it tastes good.It is good, huh?Wow!Especially with some red wine.M-hmm.So we are, you know, having now the cheese course,which is very important.You don't end a meal without some cheese.Watch at: 09:00 / 09:20And basically, you know, you order cheese to finish the wine,and then you order more wine to finish the cheese.It's a nice cycle.Oh, it's a vicious circle.A vicious cycle.Ah, this is dessert time, Rick.You're having crème brûlée,and I have fondant au chocolat.This is sacred, you know, for lunchtime,to stop at least an hour.We don't work.Watch at: 09:20 / 09:40Look at these people -- they've been here forever.Yes, it's sacred.Enjoy.Okay.So the coffee always comes after all of the food?After the dessert, always.What if you ask for your coffee with the meal?Watch at: 09:40 / 10:00They would say, "Yes, sure,"but it would come after the meal.They don't want to be rude.Okay.What a meal.Excellent, wasn't it?I'm heading for the Orsay Gallery.Oh, go ahead.I'm finishing my cognac.Au revoir.Bye-bye, Rick.Getting around Paris is easy on the Métro.The original stations were Art Nouveau.Watch at: 10:00 / 10:20This new one celebrates the system's 100th birthday.And the latest generation shows Europe's commitmentto ever-more-efficient public transit.The train is completely automated,allowing passengers to watch the tunnel coming at them.Faster than a taxi can take us,Watch at: 10:20 / 10:40we hurtle beneath the city to our next stop.The Orsay Gallery, famous for its much-loved collectionof Impressionist masterpieces, fills an old train station.The building itself is magnificent.Train tracks used to go right down the middle.Watch at: 10:40 / 11:00The art of the Orsay takes you from 1848 to 1914.This is the time when the old world meets the modern world.It's conservative and revolutionary, side by side.Before the Impressionists,19th-century artists painted idealized beauty.This was conservative art,popular throughout the 1800s because it was...Watch at: 11:00 / 11:20Simply beautiful.Cabanel's Birth of Venus is the quintessence of beauty.The love queen reclines seductively,just born from the foam of a wave.At the time, sex was considered dirtyand could be exalted only in a more pure and divine form.Watch at: 11:20 / 11:40But whIle mainstream artists cranked outthese ideal beauties, a revolutionary new breedof artist was painting a harsher reality.Cross the tracks and you find the Realists.In The Painter's Studio, Gustave Courbet takes usbehind the scene at the painting of a goddess.The model, not a goddess but a real woman,Watch at: 11:40 / 12:00takes a break from posing to watch Courbet at work.Ordinary people mill about.The little boy seems to admire the artist,already notorious for his nonconformity.No one would show Courbet's work,Watch at: 12:00 / 12:20so he put on his own art show.He built a little shack in the center of townand hung his paintings, basically thumbing his noseat the shocked public and his conservative critics.Edouard Manet rubbed realism in the public's face,and they hated it.Manet's nude doesn't gloss over anything.The pose is classic, but the sharp outlines and harsh colorsWatch at: 12:20 / 12:40are new and shocking.Her hand is a clamp;her stare, defiant.Ignoring the flowers her servant bringsfrom her last customer,this prostitute looks out as if to say,"next."It's around 1880, and Manet and his rat packof conservatively dressed radicals gathered in Paris,Watch at: 12:40 / 13:00pushing the creative envelope.It's time for the revolution of Impressionism to begin.Impressionism initiated the greatest change in artsince the Renaissance.Now, artists were free to delve into the worldof colors, light and fleeting impressions.They featured easygoing, open-air scenes,Watch at: 13:00 / 13:20candid spontaneity and, always, the play of light.Impressionists made their canvases shimmerby an innovative technique.Rather than mixing colors together on a palate,they applied the colors in dabs side by side on the canvasand let these mix as they traveled to your eye.Watch at: 13:20 / 13:40Up close, it doesn't work;but move back, and voilà!Claude Monet is called the "father of Impressionism."For him, the physical subject was now only the rackupon which to hang the light, shadows and colors.August Renoir caught Parisians living and lovingWatch at: 13:40 / 14:00in the afternoon sun.Dappled light was his specialty.In this painting, you can almost feel the sun's warmthand smell the powder on the women's faces.Even the shadows are caught up in the mood.Everything's dancing.Renoir paints a waltzing blur to capture,not the physical details, but the intangible charmWatch at: 14:00 / 14:20of a restaurant on Paris's Montmartre.Montmartre, a Parisian hill crownedby the dramatic neo-byzantine Sacré-Cœur church,was famous for the ambiance captured by the Impressionists.A block away, the Place du Tertre is jumbledwith artists...and tourists.Watch at: 14:20 / 14:40If you really try, you can almost imagineRenoir, Van Gogh, and Picasso, who came here a century ago,poor, carefree and seeking inspiration.Back then, life here on Montmartrewas a working-class commotionof cafes, bistros, and dance halls.Painters came here for the low rent and ruddy joie de vivre.Watch at: 14:40 / 15:00To get away from all the tourists,simply walk the back streets,where a bit of Montmartre's village charm survives.Ah, the steps of Sacré-Cœur.This is a place where locals and travelers alikecongregate to marvel at Paris, or each other.Watch at: 15:00 / 15:20From here, the "City of Light" fans out at your feet.Your Parisian experience is a blend of great museums,fine food and characteristic neighborhoods.The Latin Quarter is the core of the Left Bank,as the south side of the Seine River is known.Watch at: 15:20 / 15:40This has long been the city's university district.In fact, the University of Paris,a leading university in medieval Europe,was founded here in the 13th century.Back then, the vernacular languages,like French and German, were crude,good enough to handle your basic needs.But for higher learning, academics, like this guy,spoke and corresponded in Latin.Watch at: 15:40 / 16:00Until the 1800s, from Sicily to Sweden,Latin was the language of Europe's educated elite.And Parisians called this university district"the Latin Quarter" because that's the language they heardon the streets.Today, any remnant of that Latin is buriedby a touristy tabouli of ethnic restaurants.Still, it remains a great place to get a feelWatch at: 16:00 / 16:19for the tangled city, before the narrow laneswere replaced by wide, modern boulevards in the 19th century.The scholarly and artsy people of this quarterbrewed up a new rage: Paris's cafe scene.By the time of the Revolution, the city's countless cafeswere the haunt of politicians and philosophers,who plotted a better future as they sipped their coffee.Watch at: 16:19 / 16:40And the cafe society really took off in the early 1900sas the world's literary and artistic avant-gardeconverged on Paris.In now-famous cafes along Boulevard St. Germainand Boulevard St. Michel, free thinkers like Hemmingway,Lenin, and Jean-Paul Sartre enjoyed the creative freedomWatch at: 16:40 / 17:00these hangouts engendered.With its cafe and university scene,Paris had long been a launch pad for bold new ideas.In the 18th century, ground-breaking politicaland social thinking by French philosopherslike Voltaire and Rousseau ushered inWatch at: 17:00 / 17:20the "Age of Enlightenment."Later, this enlightenment provided the French Revolutionwith a philosophical basis,and it gave the American constitutionmany of its basic principles.Paris honors its intellectual and cultural heroeswith tombs and memorials in its Neoclassical Pantheon.It looks like an ancient temple,Watch at: 17:20 / 17:40but it's only about 250 years old,from the time of the Enlightenment.During the Enlightenmentand the Age of Revolution which followed,everything was subjected to what was calledthe "test of reason."If it wasn't logical, it was tossed out.Nothing was sacred.The very notion of royalty was challengedWatch at: 17:40 / 18:00and churches were turned into temples of Reason.Even the use of city land for cemeteries, as you learnat the catacombs of Paris, was rejected.The sign reads, "Halt! This is the empire of death."It kicks off a one-mile hike you won't soon forget.The anonymous bones of six million permanent ParisiansWatch at: 18:00 / 18:20line former limestone quarries deep under the streets.In 1785, Paris decided to make its congested citymore spacious and sanitary by emptying the cemeteries,which traditionally surrounded churches,into this labyrinthine ossuary.Watch at: 18:20 / 18:40For decades, priests led ceremonial processionsof black-veiled, bone-laden carts into the quarries,where the bones were carefully and artistically stackedas much as 80 feet deep.Each transfer was finished with a plaque identifyingfrom which church the bones cameand the date they arrived.Watch at: 18:40 / 19:00WhIle there is history in dem bones, the Carnavalet Museum,filling a lavish old aristocratic mansion,is the best place to sort through the story of Paris.Pre-Revolutionary France had a governmentby, for and of the wealthy.And as the rich got richer and richer,people who lived in fabulous mansions like thisWatch at: 19:00 / 19:20became blind to the growing gap between the haves and have-notsin their country.Louis XIV, a.k.a. "the Sun King," was the ultimate kingback when people accepted the notionthat a few were born to rule and be richwhile most were born to be ruled and taken advantage of.Room after room shows the opulence of the upper classesWatch at: 19:20 / 19:40in the age leading up to the Revolution.Louis XIV, who enjoyed the luxury but anticipated trouble,said, "Après moi, le deluge"; "After me, the flood."Watch at: 19:40 / 20:00The heart of the museum features that deluge,which hit when this man, Louis XVI, was king.The French Revolution was kicked offwith the storming of the Bastille prison.Supporting the angry masses,the liberal wing of the governmenttook matters into its own hands,declaring it wouldn't quituntil the people had a constitution.Watch at: 20:00 / 20:20It was vive la Nation,liberté, egalité, and fraternité,until the people literally beheaded the king and queen.The Place de la Révolution, or "Revolution Square."It was here that the newfangled guillotine,considered a humane form of execution in its day,Watch at: 20:20 / 20:40was set up.And it was here that Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI,and over 2,000 others were made a foot shorter at the top.According to this painting,it took three to run the guillotine:one to manage the blade,one to catch the bloodand one to hold the head --in this case, of Marie Antoinette --Watch at: 20:40 / 21:00up to the crowd.Today, Paris's vast Revolution Square is calledPlace de la Concorde, "place of harmony."The guillotine is long goneand its centerpiece is an Egyptian obelisk.The king and queen were beheadedWatch at: 21:00 / 21:20by a stark and egalitarian government.But the French love of fine living couldn't be kept down.The 19th century was a boom time for Paris.The entire city was beautifiedwith grand new boulevards and fancy architecture.It was an exuberant age of money.If you had it, you flaunted it.From the Place de la Concorde, the Champs-Elysées --Watch at: 21:20 / 21:40once a royal carriageway, now Europe's grandest boulevard --leads to the Arc de Triomphe.The arch was dedicated to the victory of the peopleand their republic, the triumph of French Nationalism.A glimpse of the decadence of Paris's "beautiful age,"or belle époque, is enjoyed along the Champs-Elysées.Watch at: 21:40 / 22:00Paris's old opera house,the grand palace of this gilded age, was finished in 1875.The real show was before and after,when the elite of Paris, out to see and be seen,strutted their elegant stuff in the extravagant lobbies.Watch at: 22:00 / 22:20Think of the grand marble stairway as a theater itself,filled with Paris's beautiful people.The actual theater is a palace of plush and ornate seating.Watch at: 22:20 / 22:40Above it all, a delightful ceiling,painted by Marc Chagall in the 1960s,frolics around an eight-ton chandelier.Nearby, the Jacquemart-André Museumfills a 19th-century mansion offering the publicWatch at: 22:40 / 23:00a rare, aristocratic open house.Edouard André and his wife, Nélie Jacquemart,spent their lives and fortunedesigning, building, and decoratingthis incredible mansion.I'm enjoying a tour by one of the museum's fine guides,Ciara.Because, you know, they had no children,Watch at: 23:00 / 23:20they had a lot of money and they used to travel a lot,and then they'd bring many souvenirs.So these are souvenirs?Exactly.What's this?That's the music room.You can almost imagine the clatter of jewelrymixing with the chamber musicas Edouard and Nélie threw a party.This is the Italian room.Watch at: 23:20 / 23:40Exactly, because they traveled in Italy.They loved Italian art and they brought paintingsof Bellini, Botticelli, Mantegna, Caravaggio.And Tiepolo, whose fresco graces the mansion's lobby.And this is the bedroom.So the monsieur and madame lived here?Watch at: 23:40 / 24:00Yes, but this was the room of madame, chambre of madame.So they had two different bedrooms?Exactly, that's Nélie Jacquemart.And this was Edouard's bedroom,complete with a deluxe bathroom.For more of the decadence of that age,Watch at: 24:00 / 24:20check out the ritzy shops.It's ritzy in the true sense,since they cluster around the original Ritz Hotel.Enjoy the luxury of this neighborhoodby window shopping, or, as the French say,faire du lèche-vitrines, window looking.Actually, today's Paris thrives with ordinary people.Watch at: 24:20 / 24:40The good life feels accessible to all,and in the spirit of France's revolution,the government truly seems to work for the people.While the stunning George Pompidou Centerholds one of the world's top modern art collections,most Parisians are happy just to hang out in front.And apart from all its world-class attractions,millions of people call this city simply "home."Watch at: 24:40 / 25:00Neighborhoods enjoy first-class public transit,and if a train line's decommissioned,it's put to good use with its arches housing colorful shopsand the elevated track made into a long, skinny park.The Promenade Plantée is popularfor jogging or strollingor just a peaceful break from the city.Watch at: 25:00 / 25:20There's a time-honored finesse to Parisian life,a comfortable rhythm with kisses on the cheek,neighborhood street marketsand familiar faces at the corner cafe.Whether you visit for its blockbuster monuments,its captivating historyor the simple delights of a cafe,Paris just might steal your heart.Watch at: 25:20 / 25:40Thanks for joining us.I'm Rick Steves.Until next time, keep on travelin'.Au revoir.Watch at: 25:40 / 26:00Wow!Watch at: 26:00 / 26:20How do you like the onion soup?I love it!With layers of cheese on the top,it's wonderful!Oh, come on.Tell me the honest truth.I just don't like it.[ laughing ]Hey, wanna buy it?[ laughing ]You wanna buy it?Watch at: 26:20 / 26:40Snort, snort.

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  1. Paris a great place to stay in with friends.long time sinceI went to town after uni in. Leeds.French friend we went to all main gallery’s great to view, enjoyed Paris watersides and cafes.must not be missed.loved. Visiting Paris too much to see on a weeks tour.Myst revisit,

  2. I'm from the United States and I love watching videos like this, it's so amazing and so fascinating to me. I'm studying French right now and I've studied a lot of France, French culture and so much more. Such a breathtakingly beautiful city and country.

  3. World Health Organization has just WARNED: The CORONA may PERMANENTLY STAY. SO WHAT? By REVOLUTIONARY, MUTUALLY DISTANCING Corona Free- Residences CFR on extant Highways-Sides, we, all the people, can survive, live well, healthy, well-connected to dear ones and go anyway, any time, anywhere in the entire globe, but some clubs, malls, academies and grand cities die hard. SO HOW TO AVOID FOOLING OURSELVES THEN OUR DEAR AND RESPECTED ONES? CHECK OUT FIRST Type #1: Top-Quality CFR added on the sides of EXISTING Interstate Highway System, IHS owned by the states, include 100-meter (~300 ft) distancing apart, 1-FLOOR Private CFR-Units with 'service roads' linking them to Existing IHS SERVICE ISLANDS ~20 miles apart [with extant restaurants, gas stations, pharmacies, groceries, etc.], while Type #2 is ~same, yet owners can directly enter '2 LANES IHS' some in the vast deserts, freezing lands and the grand canyons-mountains-lakes-forests of the world, but avoid current tourist attractions, make your own path. FARMERS get extra Climate Credit for OLD-TYPE HORSE-VANS SERVING FRESH MILK, BREAD, EGGS, FRUITS, VEGIES, etc. just out each CFR unit. CITIES Most may be able to keep their performing arts centers, worshipping facilities, Courts, Pharmacies, Libraries, Museums, Restaurants, Zoos, Entertainment Areas, Car-Home Centers, Material Shops, City Halls-Services, Train, Taxi & Bus Hubs/Gas St, open & support nearby airports/ports, but most malls, stadiums, banks would Physically Close. University Campuses & ALL CLUBS Some may be able keep their Hospitals, Facilities, Private Parks-Beaches and Sport Teams functioning but most would turn into public parks/beaches, Research-Gov-Services or Corona-Guarantee Areas, Schools, Banking, ATM machines May function mainly online, but not globally. Buildings & High Rises sadly and catastrophic to many, may be abandoned in time, but positively converted into the Grandest Nursing Homes, and warm new homes to the so many hopeless, poor, past homeless.

  4. Thank you so much rick steve for this vlog.i love to go to paris and experience its beauty but i can't right now.i enjoyed every bit you showed about this beautiful and historical country.

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