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  • How to Draw Hyper Realistic Eyes | Step by Step

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    Watch at: 00:00 / 00:00:20hey I'm Darlene and you're watching arapid-fire art tutorial in this video Iwant to show you my unique method fordrawing a hyper-realistic eye fromcomplete scratch I'll walk you throughstep by step and give you all thedetails you'll need so you can followalong let's begin these are theWatch at: 00:20 / 00:40materials I'll be using they'll belisted in detail down below you don'tneed all of them if you only have an HBpencil in a solid eraser that'scompletely fine don't let the lack ordifference in materials discourage youI'm using a mechanical pencil with HBWatch at: 00:40 / 01:00lead to start if you want to use onlyone pencil for the whole thing I'drecommend a 4b because it's veryflexible regarding the range of valuesit can easily reach the first step is todraw a very light circle I like to hovermy hand over the paper and make circularmotions once I'm confident with thatWatch at: 01:00 / 01:20motion I'll lower my hand and draw thebest circle that I can if your firstattempt at drawing a circle looks likean oval don't even bother to erase itjust draw additional lines around youroval until it slowly forms a morecircular shape if you're finding itreally hard to get past thisjust trace something circular and moveWatch at: 01:20 / 01:40on to the next step the next step is todecide on the slope or angle of the eyeit can be angled in this this or thisdirection to varying degrees based onyour liking use a straight edge to drawthat line through your circle it doesn'tWatch at: 01:40 / 02:00have to go straight through the centerbut do try to keep it fairly close thenext thing we need to do is form theshape of the eye starting first with theinner corner for this eye I'm going todraw a large corner on the left rightoutside of the circle you can kind ofWatch at: 02:00 / 02:20draw any unique shape you want atriangle a deep bowl shape a droopy oneetc try to make it uniquemoving on to the top eyelid it's goingto arch all the way across the circleWatch at: 02:20 / 02:40and end at this intersection here justdraw a stroke up across and then downand your stroke at this point hereWatch at: 02:40 / 03:00for the bottom lid we'll need to draw amore shallow curve just extend thisstroke naturally to the right angle itdown slightly and then back up again toWatch at: 03:00 / 03:20close the loopthat completes the eye shape but there'sone more thing and that's the uppereyelid crease this crease forms when weWatch at: 03:20 / 03:40open our eyes just use the shape of thetop eyelid as a rough guide to followalong starting at the edge of the circleI'm going to draw a crease thatstretches all the way to the rightending above the straight lineWatch at: 03:40 / 04:00so I'm going to end the crease abovethis line here I'm going to wrap thetail inwards but you can also flare itout and add wrinkles if you want nowthat we have a structure drawn out let'serase all of the initial constructionWatch at: 04:00 / 04:20lines so that would be the circle andthe straight line going through it Ibought this electric eraser on Amazonawhile ago and I'm just trying it outfor the first time it's a lot moreeffective than a kneadable eraser forgetting rid of construction linesquickly and cleanlyWatch at: 04:20 / 04:40time to draw some details in the eyewhere the inner corner of the eye opensup to the eyeball draw a very faintWatch at: 04:40 / 05:00shallow curve to separate the two zonesI'm going to draw the iris next forsizing a good rule of thumb is for theiris to take up about two quarters ofthe eye horizontally for thismeasurement I'm not including the innercorner of the eyeWatch at: 05:00 / 05:20if you want a perfectly shaped iris drawa full circle and then erase parts thatfall outside of the eyeballWatch at: 05:20 / 05:40let me just erase the top partWatch at: 05:40 / 06:00the next step is to faintly outline ourmain highlight I'm going to draw areflection from a rectangular lightsource such as a light box or arectangular window you can choose anyshape you want for this step a circleoval or two rectangles on either sideWatch at: 06:00 / 06:20you can really get creative here sincethe eyeball is a round surface don'tforget to skew the shape of thereflection so it wraps around thecurvature of the eyeball this will helpgive off the illusion of roundness youcan make your shape more unique bythrowing in some obstacles as well forWatch at: 06:20 / 06:40example a photographer's head blockingthe bottom left corner of the lightsource let's draw the reflection now youcan draw yours anywhere but I prefer toplace it inside the iris for an intensecontrast after all the shading is doneWatch at: 06:40 / 07:00for the pupil let's make a mark in thevery center of the iris you can find thecenter by drawing a cross through theiris the intersection between the twoWatch at: 07:00 / 07:20lines is the middle around this dot I'mgonna draw the pupil the size of thepupil depends on how much light isentering the eye there are other factorsas well but let's keep this simple thepupil regulates the amount of lightWatch at: 07:20 / 07:40entering the eye by changing its size itwill get wider in the dark and narrowerwhen there's light with that general bitof information choose an appropriatesize for your pupil while taking theenvironment of your drawing intoconsideration is your subject in abright dim or dark room I think this isWatch at: 07:40 / 08:00a good size for mine before you shavethe pupil you can add a reflectioninside or going through it I'm justdrawing a random wavy shape and then I'mgoing to shade over it about 80% so it'sbarely there but it's still somewhatnoticeableWatch at: 08:00 / 08:20Watch at: 08:20 / 08:40next is the iris we're gonna give it alot of detail to make the ring of theWatch at: 08:40 / 09:00iris look less like an outlinelet's thicken it slightly and blend itso the edges look much softer you canblend using your pencil by slowlyworking around the edge creating lighterand lighter lines until it fades towhite or you can use a blending stump toWatch at: 09:00 / 09:20smudge the graphite light smudging willresult in light marks do this all theway aroundWatch at: 09:20 / 09:40next we're gonna shave the entire iriswhile keeping the highlight the lightestwe want to keep it as clean as possibleif you're drawing a light-colored irisand the outline of your highlight isfairly dark you might want to lighten itup before you start shading since I'mdrawing with a mechanical pencil I needWatch at: 09:40 / 10:00to thicken the LED by holding it at anangle and scribbling until the strokesbecome thicker this will help you shademore smoothly when you shade with apointy or a thin edge it's gonna lookreally scratchy it'll be very difficultto shade smoothlyremember that thick strokes are easierWatch at: 10:00 / 10:20to blend also try to keep your strokesclose together for a smoother texturejust give the iris a light shade of grayfor now it doesn't have to match theiris ring okay let's think about thelighting for a bit and how that affectsthe eye and where we should add shadowWatch at: 10:20 / 10:40based on the reflection in the eye wecan tell that the light comes from thetop right since the eyelid comes out infront of the eyeball there's gonna besome light blockage just below the topeyelid let's draw that cast shadow onthe iris since we're only focusing onthe iris right nowWatch at: 10:40 / 11:00make sure you lighten those pencilstrokes as you work your way down sothat the edge of the shadow is softWatch at: 11:00 / 11:20if you want the iris to be a darkercolor you can shade it further that'stotally up to youWatch at: 11:20 / 11:40again if your highlight outline isdarker than the iris color you can lifta few layers of graphite away using aneatable eraser so it's less obvious justroll your eraser to a fine tip and dablightly if you don't have a kneadableWatch at: 11:40 / 12:00eraser try to shape the iris just enoughso that the outline is barely visiblenow there's no visible outline aroundthe highlightWatch at: 12:00 / 12:20if you want you can leave the iris likethis but if you want to give it a lotmore detail please continue draw a faintwavy ribbon surrounding the pupil try togive it a random shape avoiding anyWatch at: 12:20 / 12:40obvious patterns the more random it isthe more realisticalright now let's add some spokes comingWatch at: 12:40 / 13:00out from the center of the pupil makesure your lines radiate from the verycenter it'll help to start your strokefrom the center of the pupil and workyour way out towards the ribbon soinstead of doing this we're going to dothis you can vary the darkness andWatch at: 13:00 / 13:20thickness of each line for higherrealismimagine the lighter space between eachof these spokes as a piece of threadWatch at: 13:20 / 13:40some of them are straight others can becurved but what they all have in commonis they generally radiate outwards fromthe very center of the eye these threadsdisappear into the hole which is thepupil so where the spokes meet theWatch at: 13:40 / 14:00convex areas of the ribbon the curvesthat jut outwards we're gonna createsome shadows that give this particularpart of the iris more depth making itappear deeperWatch at: 14:00 / 14:20Watch at: 14:20 / 14:40to create a more realistic edge to thepupil round off the end of each threadever so slightlyWatch at: 14:40 / 15:00you can do this by drawing blacktriangles in between each threadWatch at: 15:00 / 15:20so we worked on the inside of the ribbonbut there's also the outside just drawtiny threads squiggling outwards andgradually disappearing as it nears theedge of the iris while you're doing thisWatch at: 15:20 / 15:40make sure to keep a small distance fromthe ribbon and give it an even amount ofthickness all the way around try to keepeverything outside of the ribbon verysubtleWatch at: 15:40 / 16:00Watch at: 16:00 / 16:19where you're thickest most prominentWatch at: 16:19 / 16:40threads intersect with the ribbon jointhe two sections together to form a veinlike structure I'm doing that by rollingmy eraser to a fine tip and erasinggraphite along areas that separate theribbon from the thread here's a clearWatch at: 16:40 / 17:00example of what I meanonce all the threads are drawn you canrandomly darken the spaces in between toWatch at: 17:00 / 17:20add depth to your iris the squigglythreads should fade out as they near theedge of the iris if they don't you canshade over their tails until they dostart out lightly working in layers asWatch at: 17:20 / 17:40you go just to make sure you're notshading too much because erasing isalways harder than working slowlyWatch at: 17:40 / 18:00if you're happy with your iris move onWatch at: 18:00 / 18:20to the next step we're gonna come backto this later to add more depth but fornow let's finish the rest of the eye thenext step is to shade everything else instarting inside the eye and then laterthe skin this inner corner has sort of asoft yet bumpy texture to it so as youWatch at: 18:20 / 18:40shade it create a few bumps of differentshapes and levels of protrusion for moreinfo on how to shade click on the videoabove or in the description box belowtry to keep the shading fairly light fornow once we have everything else shadedWatch at: 18:40 / 19:00we can come back here to lighten ordarken depending on how the rest of thedrawing looksWatch at: 19:00 / 19:20the eyeball looks very flat right nowbecause it's a single shade of white tomake it appear round try the contourshading technique by drawing curves thatfollow a contour of the round eyeballI'm just creating shallow curved strokesWatch at: 19:20 / 19:40along the eyeball my strokes are darkestwhere the surface of the eyeball curvesaway from the light so in this case witha light shining down from the top rightthe left bottom side of the eyeball willappear darkest because it's furthestfrom the light again if you want toWatch at: 19:40 / 20:00shade smoothly always remember to keepyour pencil strokes thick and closetogethersurfaces that face the light directlywill be the lightest overall the rightWatch at: 20:00 / 20:20side of the eyeball will appear brighterthan the left side because the light iscoming from the rightWatch at: 20:20 / 20:40I'm also blending the edge of the irisout moreyou'll notice that I'm completelyshading in the eyeball leaving therectangular reflection as the only thingthat's whitethis will make it pop out like crazyWatch at: 20:40 / 21:00always make sure your patterns of lightand shadow are consistent by referringto your light source constantly andseeing if any shadows are missing or iflight needs to be addedWatch at: 21:00 / 21:20remember when we added a cast shadowright here because the eyelid wasblocking light from reaching theeyeballs let's shade the white part ofthe eye in the same way just add aslightly darker shade of gray along thetopWatch at: 21:20 / 21:40Watch at: 21:40 / 22:00okay we're done shading inside of theeye for now I want to draw a few detailsalong the skin before shading it overWatch at: 22:00 / 22:20here we sometimes have small wrinklesthat stretch upward towards the eyelidcrease just using some branch-likestrokes to indicate those wrinkles whilekeeping my strokes light another detailis a small ledge that runs along eacheyelid in real life there are no linesWatch at: 22:20 / 22:40to indicate the edge just a slightdifference in skin color so when youdraw this line please keep it as faintas possible the more the top eyelidcomes down or closes the less we'll seeWatch at: 22:40 / 23:00of the upper ledge let's use the contourshading technique to shade the skin justfollow the shape of the eyelid or thecrease and fill in the skin color slowlyso instead of shading in this directionwe're simply going to follow the eyelidshapeWatch at: 23:00 / 23:20if the ledge outline starts to disappearthat's okay you don't want it to be tooobvious but you also still need to seeWatch at: 23:20 / 23:40that it's there it's going to help uslater on when we draw the eyelashesI like to work in layers my first passis just a flat shade of light gray onthe second pass I'll add darker shadowsWatch at: 23:40 / 24:00along the crease the darker the shadowis the deeper the crease will appearto stay consistent with patterns oflight I'm shading the right side lighterWatch at: 24:00 / 24:20than the left because my light sourcecomes from the top right sideWatch at: 24:20 / 24:40my shading is darkest near the creaseand becomes gradually lighter as I workaway from itsame contour shading technique down hereWatch at: 24:40 / 25:00at the bottom of the eye it's okay ifyour pencil strokes aren't completelysmooth because the strokes canconveniently be interpreted as wrinklesWatch at: 25:00 / 25:20directly under the ledge I'm going toshade the skin a little bit darker thiswill make the bottom of the eye appearless flat as I'm doing this I'm tryingWatch at: 25:20 / 25:40to make the ledge outline blend in withthe skinWatch at: 25:40 / 26:00Watch at: 26:00 / 26:20this part is optional but I'm adding afew wrinkles under the eye using strokesthat are sort of disconnected the darkerWatch at: 26:20 / 26:40the stroke the deeper and moreunrealistic it will appear around thewrinkles you can use the cross hatchingtechnique to create a texture thatresembles skin just draw subtle strokesWatch at: 26:40 / 27:00that go in all sorts of directionslet's shade up here as wellWatch at: 27:00 / 27:20Watch at: 27:20 / 27:40and then along the crease I'm darkeningthe graphite making it gradually lighteras I move away from the dip this willmake it look like an actual creaseinstead of just a line on the drawingWatch at: 27:40 / 28:00Watch at: 28:00 / 28:20you can skip this next step if you'resatisfied with a level of smoothness inthe skin it will remove a small layer ofgraphite making your drawing appear alittle bit lighter so beware I'm justWatch at: 28:20 / 28:40using a soft piece of tissue wrappedaround my finger to smudge the graphitegetting the graphite bits to fill allthose tiny valleys within the paperwhich should make the drawing look muchsmoother I'm sort of following thedirection in which I shaded and I'mWatch at: 28:40 / 29:00using a different area of the tissue asI move from section to section so that Idon't smear darker graphite into alighter zone which would create anunwanted blemishWatch at: 29:00 / 29:20I'm also avoiding everything inside theiris because I don't want any of thosedetails to be blurred and to keep thatreflection clean again as I mentionedWatch at: 29:20 / 29:40the drawing will appear a little bitlighter after you've done this here'swhat it looked like before I use thetissue paper and after I'm just gonna goback in and darken some areas again tobring back the level of depth that waslost again I'm just shading dark areasWatch at: 29:40 / 30:00darker because the tissue made it looklighter than I prefer if you want toskip to the next stepnavigate to the time stamp displayed onthe screenWatch at: 30:00 / 30:20Watch at: 30:20 / 30:40now the eye just doesn't look rightWatch at: 30:40 / 31:00without lashes so let's draw those nextso the way I draw lashes is I draw 3 oneach lid to start each pointing in aWatch at: 31:00 / 31:20different directionlike soonce you have the three lashes drawn onWatch at: 31:20 / 31:40each eyelid the rest should be verysimple to fill inif you're having a little difficultypicturing the lash in 3d you can thinkof each lash as the letter J as you drawWatch at: 31:40 / 32:00each one working from the outside inpinch the J until the space in betweenbecome so narrow that it turns into astraight line now if you want to be safeand plan out the shape and position ofeach and every lash you can do so bydrawing them in very lightly so they'llWatch at: 32:00 / 32:20be easy to erase this step is best donewith the pointiest edge of a thinmechanical pencil mine is a 0.5millimetereach of these lashes are rooted near theWatch at: 32:20 / 32:39perimeter of the eyelids ledge try tokeep your lashes close to that but avoiddrawing them like a row of perfectlyplanted crops because these hairs growin a more random fashion here's a clearexample of what I mean I'm gonna goWatch at: 32:39 / 33:00ahead and draw them in fairly dark usinga 4b LED this will allow me to createdarker strokes that don't require muchdownward pressure if you want to draw alighter hairs stick to an HB or harderpencil when drawing lashes closetogether you can make the ends meetWatch at: 33:00 / 33:20forming a triangle or a tent keep inmind that some randomness will look alot more natural some lashes do grow inrandom directions so it's good to tossin a few that deviate from the majorityso instead of drawing all the lashes inWatch at: 33:20 / 33:39a boring predictable pattern create somerandomness like this examplehere are a few more things I want tomention the bottom lashes are usuallymuch shorter and thinner than the topand lashes closer to the inner corner ofWatch at: 33:39 / 34:00the eyewhether they're on the top or bottom arethe shortest and thinnest of them allwhen you're drawing lashes on femalesdon't forget that you can give hermascara for anyone who isn't familiarwith mascara it's a thick black liquidthat you can apply to your lashes tomake them appear thicker and fuller nowWatch at: 34:00 / 34:20I know someone you like to watch thewhole process so I'm not going to cutthis part short if you want to go to thenext step please fall with the video tothe time indicated on the screenWatch at: 34:20 / 34:40[Music]Watch at: 34:40 / 35:00[Music][Music]Watch at: 35:00 / 35:20[Music][Music]Watch at: 35:20 / 35:40[Music]Watch at: 35:40 / 36:00[Music][Music]Watch at: 36:00 / 36:20[Music]Watch at: 36:20 / 36:40Watch at: 36:40 / 37:00[Music]Watch at: 37:00 / 37:20Watch at: 37:20 / 37:40[Music][Music]Watch at: 37:40 / 38:00[Music]Watch at: 38:00 / 38:20[Music][Music]Watch at: 38:20 / 38:40Watch at: 38:40 / 39:00if some lashes are too long you caneasily shorten them by rolling yourkneadable eraser to a very fine tip anddabbing the graphite away little bylittle ok I'm done with that now since IWatch at: 39:00 / 39:20added a new element to the drawinglashes I will need to include a fewsmall details resulting from thataddition with these new lashes growingout of the skin the skin texture maylook slightly different than before whatdo I mean by that sometimes a bump mayWatch at: 39:20 / 39:40form at the root of a hair here's areally exaggerated example of what Imean some people may have larger bumpsthan others and some none at all from myobservation so if you want you canfollow me with this step or skip itcompletely it's up to youWatch at: 39:40 / 40:00such bumps will create shadows no matterthe size let's shave the bumps along theroot of each eyelashWatch at: 40:00 / 40:20I'm doing a very light circular motionlike so I'm being really sloppy becausethe skin here is almost hidden behindthe thick wall of lashes but I stillwant some of that skin texture to showthroughit's just a small added detail all rightwell we move on to the bottom lashes theWatch at: 40:20 / 40:40skin is much more visible because thereare so few lashes so we can't really bea sloppy let me draw another diagramzooming in on the hair and skin bump thelight comes from above so the shadowwill be located at the base andWatch at: 40:40 / 41:00underside of the bump I'm shading intiny circular motions for added texturethis diagram is also exaggerated let'sdraw more subtle shadows than thatWatch at: 41:00 / 41:20Watch at: 41:20 / 41:40just deepening these wrinkles by makingthem darker here's a little test for youWatch at: 41:40 / 42:00do the lashes effect anything else inthe drawing if so what is it if you saidthat they block light creating castshadows you're correct although they arevery thin they do block a small amountof light it's most noticeable under theWatch at: 42:00 / 42:20top lid it adds another layer of shadowalong the eyeball just add a very lightlayer of graphiteWatch at: 42:20 / 42:40since we're working around this areaalready let's add a bunch of lashreflections at the top of therectangular highlight it's just a mirrorreflection of what's above I'm drawingWatch at: 42:40 / 43:00short lines and very deep view shapeshold on let me add some darker shadowshere these are singled out cast shadowsfrom the eyelashes aboveWatch at: 43:00 / 43:20Watch at: 43:20 / 43:40the next and very last step is to makethe drawing pop out of the page take astep back or a few steps from yoursketchbook and look at where you coulddarken or lighten the eyethis step is super fun so you have tomake sure that your eye is fully orWatch at: 43:40 / 44:00almost fully shaded in order for thisstep to really make a differenceespecially if your paper is white thereshouldn't be too much paper colorsshowing through if there is try to shadea light layer of graphite over the areaI'm still using the 4b lead just gonnago over the darkest areas and deepenWatch at: 44:00 / 44:20those values further to create a highercontrast in other words I want to createa bigger difference between dark andlight just going in and making darkareas darker than they were beforethis gives the drawing more depth ifWatch at: 44:20 / 44:40you're using an HB pencil for this itmight be difficult to create these darkvalues because the pencil is meant forlighter work if your paper starts tobecome wrinkly due to all the frictionit's probably a good idea to leave it atthat I'm not going to narrate thisWatch at: 44:40 / 45:00because I'm just amplifying dark valuesso if you want to skip to the next stepnavigate to the time stamp displayed onthe screenWatch at: 45:00 / 45:20Watch at: 45:20 / 45:40[Music]Watch at: 45:40 / 46:00Watch at: 46:00 / 46:20[Music]Watch at: 46:20 / 46:40[Music]Watch at: 46:40 / 47:00[Music][Music][Music]Watch at: 47:00 / 47:20once you're satisfied use a white gelpen or a correction fluid to add abright white inside the eye to createWatch at: 47:20 / 47:40that glassy look where the light isintensely reflected aim for areas thatare especially wet here I'm going alongthe edge of where the bottom eyelidtouches the eyeballthere's always an extra bit of fluidaround heresmooth wet surfaces reflect a lot moreWatch at: 47:40 / 48:00light than dry matte once this area nearthe tear duct is also very moist justadd little bits of white in the lightestzones just going to use this gel toincrease the size of the main highlightWatch at: 48:00 / 48:20and clean up some of those eyelashreflectionsI'm not going to color the whole thingwhite because it's good to have someslight variation in value it's very rarefor a large area to be completely whiteor on the other hand completely black ifWatch at: 48:20 / 48:40you want to tone back some of the whitegel or whiteout you can always use yourpencil to shade over it after it hasdriedif you don't have a white gel pen pencilcrayon or correction fluid just use yourWatch at: 48:40 / 49:00eraser to lighten these zones as much asyou possibly can just doing a finalcheck I might as well darken some ofthat detail in the iris amplifying thosedarkest tones for a more dramatic lookWatch at: 49:00 / 49:20let me show you the difference here'sWatch at: 49:20 / 49:40the IRS before-and-after it looks alittle deepernow if your eyeball doesn't look roundenough you can always darken the valueWatch at: 49:40 / 50:00some more until it takes on the rightshape just remember to keep the valuetransition very gradual a hard edge suchas this may break the illusion of around surface for more info on how toWatch at: 50:00 / 50:20shade click on the video above or in thedescription box below alright I hope youguys enjoyed that and found it easy tofollow if you did please give the videoa thumbs up and let me know how it wentfor you in the comments also if you haveWatch at: 50:20 / 50:40any questions I'd be happy to answerthem thanks for watching and don'tforget to subscribe to my channel andhit the bell icon to get notified everytime I post a new video