Intro to Wilderness Survival

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Watch at: 00:00 / 00:00:20well it looks like we've got umthe majority of people here listening soi will go ahead and get startedwelcome everybody my name is maya swopeand i am the outreach and volunteercoordinatorhere at friends of the boundary waterswilderness we're really excited to haveyoujoining us here this afternoon to learnWatch at: 00:20 / 00:40about wilderness survival skillsand what you need to know to stay safeon your boundary waters triphere at friends of the boundary waterswe've been working to protectthe bwca and the aquedico superiorecosystem for more than 40 years and wereally do thatbecause of all of you and through all ofyour support so thank you for watchingWatch at: 00:40 / 01:00and for supporting our work and thatreally is what keeps us going andworking to protect the boundary waterswe divide our mission and our work intothree categories we think of wildernesspeople and communityso for wellness we are really working toprevent copper sulfide miningin the boundary waters you may haveWatch at: 01:00 / 01:20heard of the twin metalsand polymet mines and together thesemines really presenta single threat to the wilderness and sowe're working hard to stop that throughlegislative action through the courtsand through citizen actionwe also are focused on people um so abig part of thatis bringing underrepresented kids intothe boundary waters through our noWatch at: 01:20 / 01:40boundaries to the boundary watersprogramright now that's mostly virtual butwe're workingthis summer to bring some more kids upnorth as well and then finallywe have our communities part of ourmission and that's reallyrecognizing that strong northerncommunities at the gateway to theboundary watersare really key to keeping the boundaryWatch at: 01:40 / 02:00waters protected and keeping thosecommunities strong and healthy so we'rereally grateful to have youjoin us here today i'm excited tointroduce our presenterj.r hunt is a wilderness emt umhe is an instructor for rei's outdoorschooland just has a lot of search and rescueWatch at: 02:00 / 02:20and wilderness medicine experienceum he also has been running covetvaccination clinicsover the past few months and so we'rereally grateful that he's able to take abreak from that today to join us thisafternoonum a few housekeeping notes there is a qa feature at the bottom of your screenso if you do have any questionsWatch at: 02:20 / 02:40throughout the presentationyou can add those to the q a featurethere there's also a chat buttonso if you have more technical questionsyou canchat to me using that and i'll also beposting a few links there throughout thepresentationso i think that's it for thehousekeeping stuff we're really excitedto haveWatch at: 02:40 / 03:00you here um and i will turn it over toyouthanks maya uh welcome all uh to thelunch i hope you have a good lunchplanned andalso we're going to have some goodinformation so please uhif you have questions fire them offwe'll be sure to answer them at the endWatch at: 03:00 / 03:20so today's agenda we're going to talkabout three specific things we're goingto talkand we're going to dive deep into theseuh the rule of threesuh top three reasons for searching uhthat we're findingas a canine search and rescue part ofcanine search and rescue teamfor uh search and rescues and uh the tenessentialswhat are they and whyWatch at: 03:20 / 03:40so among wilderness survival tipspinching a wild animal in the faceprobably isn't your best it shouldn't beon your checklist it's notthe best idea and i thought i'd startwith that this is a good tipso let's talk a little bit about therule of threesWatch at: 03:40 / 04:00so the rule of threes goes somethinglike this in a survival situationyou can survive without air or in icywater for three minutesyou can survive without shelter or in aharsh environment for three hoursWatch at: 04:00 / 04:20you can survive without water for threedaysand you can survive without food forthree weeksso of all those other than breathing imean you all have to breathethe most important according to thislist would beWatch at: 04:20 / 04:40here's a hint if you didn't know butsheltershelter is a placewait a secondgiving temperature uh protection frombad weatheror danger according to the dictionaryWatch at: 04:40 / 05:00so whatever your definition of sheltermake sure you're protected from theelements build a shelterbased on how long you think you might bethere you never know how long you'regoing to be in the woodsgive your best guess um up in theboundary watersuh there's folks in st louis countyWatch at: 05:00 / 05:20search search and rescue do a reallygood job of uhbeing active as soon as a call happensand uh they're they're very well trainedumso typically you're not gonna findyourself in the woods for longer than acouple days hopefullyum but uh just know that uhWatch at: 05:20 / 05:40build your shelter based on you know aslong as you're protected from theelementsand and you build a solid shelter youshould be okayum as far as things like uhuh get getting found in time andprotecting yourself from the elementsum when you're making your shelterWatch at: 05:40 / 06:00the three most important factors whenselecting a spot wouldbe location uh look up down aroundmake sure there are no widowmakers ifyou've ever heard that term beforethose would be the branches that areabout to fall and haven't quite fallenyet you don't know when there's going tobe a storm and can come down on yourWatch at: 06:00 / 06:20camp[Music]umtry to have access to food and watersources you don't want to be too closeto a water sourcebecause there's animals using thosewater sources as wellso keep that in mind when you're uh whenWatch at: 06:20 / 06:40you're building your shelter and you'reselecting a spot for your shelterum try to have a clearing nearby uhsignal fires things like that uh can bereally helpfulin teams finding you especially whenthey're flying overhead looking for youand a lot of times when you are lost inthe boundary watersWatch at: 06:40 / 07:00uh there will be not just teams on thefieldbut there will be folks in the aireither fixed ring or rotaryrotary wing looking for you at the sametimejust a note here when i say look up downand around if you look at this pictureon the rightWatch at: 07:00 / 07:20i don't know if you notice this butunder underneath there's uhthere's uh rocks and there's uh clearingtherechances are water's been running underthere so make sure you're not settingyour tent up orsetting up your emergency shelter someplace where where watertravels nothing worse than being coldand wetWatch at: 07:20 / 07:40at nightso top two reasons for a search andrescue call outtypically for us the most common onesareinjury illness uh lost or remember theparties lostin environmental and uh we're gonna diveWatch at: 07:40 / 08:00into each one of thesefirst of all uh mobilizing injuryinjuries where you where you can't uhyou can't get safely out under your ownpowertypically those are things like amechanical to your legor arm if you're paddling um and thenWatch at: 08:00 / 08:20there's alsomedical emergencies injuries to thingslike your humerus which is in your armthe upper part of your arm uhfemur which is in your which is in yourleguh tibia fibia uh they all requirestabilizationuh these are injuries whereWatch at: 08:20 / 08:40you you're almost always going to beimmediatelythat you're going to want to immediatelyback if anything that requiresstabilizationyou shouldn't do you shouldn't do anyactivity with an injury like thatuh spinal uh humerus and femurare the are all immediate evac injuriesWatch at: 08:40 / 09:00so make sure if you have anyfractures or any of those types ofthings to those areas thatuh first of all you stabilize them andthenand then you uh you get out howeversafely you can do thatum make sure when you're immobilizing aninjuryyou immobilize the joint above and theWatch at: 09:00 / 09:20joint below and leave an areafor uh to be able to check a check tomake sure that you're not losing bloodflow from that area that you'veimmobilizedmost common ways to check if you knowhow to check a pulse you can check apulse on your wrist you can check thepulse on the top of your footum also uh your nail bedsWatch at: 09:20 / 09:40you look at your fingers if you squeezeyour fingerand let go it turns from white to pinkand that's how you checkfor uh for uh blood flow to distal areasuh those that's the easiest way ifyou're if you're not comfortable takinga pulse or you're not able tofind oneWatch at: 09:40 / 10:00if you're with a group it's okay tosafely move and transportif you can um if ifsomething's immobilized and you've donea good job of mobilizing that thatparticular area that's been injuredthen please uh if you think you can getout safelyuh go ahead and do so but make sure thatWatch at: 10:00 / 10:20you leave areas open where you can checkto make sure thatthat particular person or yourself uhhavelost blood flow to those extremities uhthat'stypically a telltale sign that yeah youryour splintor your is either too tight or uhor you need to readjust your splint toWatch at: 10:20 / 10:40make sure that you've got blood flowback to those areasthis is not designed to be a medicalfirst aid classif you're looking for more detailsplease uh please takeone it gives you some valuableWatch at: 10:40 / 11:00informationuh what do you do well you're going towant to stabilize that injury splinterslingif you're with a party get helpum it's okay to leave that person wherethey areif you can't move them and uh and go getWatch at: 11:00 / 11:20helpuh if you have a plb a personal locatorbeaconand you're not able to transport don'tbe afraid to activate itand we can talk about personal locatorbeacons a little bit laterum those would be things like your spotor your garmin inreach mini or even ifWatch at: 11:20 / 11:40you have a sat phonei don't plan on having cell phoneservice in the boundary watersspotty coverage so it's not the worstidea to have oneuh depending on the condition it maynecessitate a need there might be a needWatch at: 11:40 / 12:00for you to split upum to get help and andyou know sometimes that's okay as longas you uhdon't send the person thatthat is the best withwilderness medicine uh to go do thatto go get help um sometimes they'reWatch at: 12:00 / 12:20requiredat on sceneuh don't but don't be afraid to activatesar if you need if you need ithere's an example of a leg injury uhtypically folks that have uh an injuryto their legaren't able to get out as you can see itWatch at: 12:20 / 12:40may if this is going to make it reallytough for somebody to walkso this is a good example of a lowerextremity injury thatrequires splinting and you can see thati used apad there there's a sleeping padand then stuffed it to make sure it'sWatch at: 12:40 / 13:00paddedmake sure that you use a really goodamount of padding on thisbecause uh there's potential for it toget banged up out thereand then you have to hold it in place weused a couple cravatsif you carry and you should carry abandanathen you can certainly if you can get itaround there tie it up cut it in stripsWatch at: 13:00 / 13:20and tie it aroundum in this case we used an ace bandageit's not the worst idea to carry an acebandage with youas part of your first aid kit just soyou can help stabilize those types ofinjurieshere's an arm splintthis could be shoulder this could beWatch at: 13:20 / 13:40this could be a elbow this could beforearm so things like your radius andulnaum you can make sure that uh it'simmobilizedas you can see we not only splintered itbut we slinged itWatch at: 13:40 / 14:00and slinging it's important because youdon't want to be able to move it aroundyou want to bang it aroundso this is uh this is a real good way touhto to immobilize it and make sure thatuh that it's not moving aroundthe if if you've got a broken bone thelast thing you want to dois start moving those bones aroundbecause you they rub against each otherWatch at: 14:00 / 14:20you could hear some grinding uh alsoknown as crepitusum and that's a bad thing alsothat bone has a ten can potential tomoveand cut off that circulation uh this oneis kind of hard to see but ifat the top there their fingers are outso you're able to once againWatch at: 14:20 / 14:40monitor those distal pulses uh or atleastcheck for blood circulation to make sureso can these things be prevented wellsometimes they canuh sometimes you justfall and hurt yourself and it justhappensWatch at: 14:40 / 15:00um some of the things you can do tomitigate some of these uhsome of these injuries uh be inappropriate shape for the level ofactivityum don't bite off more and you can chewthis is uh one of those situations outhere where you're out in the woodsand uh maybe you're paddling and you'relike well let's get to the next campsiteWatch at: 15:00 / 15:20well how far is the next campsiteis there potential for injury becauseyou're tired don't forget to stretchuh it's it's it's a funny thing to saywhen you're outthere but you've been paddling all dayand then you go to sleep on the groundand then you get up andand you could you could be a little bitWatch at: 15:20 / 15:40uh stiffso don't forget to do some arm circlessquats move your wrists aroundthose types of things don't forget tostretch and walk deliberatelyum walking deliberately know where yourfoot is before you pick up your otherWatch at: 15:40 / 16:00footum this is a real commoncommon place to uh to get injured isstepping out of the canoe and slippingand fallingwe've we've had calls where folks havegotten out of their canoe stepped on aslippery rock andhit their head or twisted their ankleor twisted their knees uh kneeWatch at: 16:00 / 16:19it's it's not uncommon to do those typesof things when you're out there so makesure when you're stepping out of thatcanoethat you uh that you've steppeddeliberatelyknow where you're still what you'restepping on to before you stopmake smart choicesWatch at: 16:19 / 16:40some other injuries or illnesses in thiscase would be things like a heartconditionif you have a member of your party thathas a heart conditionnot a bad idea to carry a low doseaspirinif they have a history of arrhythmia orWatch at: 16:40 / 17:00something along those linesor a previous heart condition or currentheart conditionit's not a bad idea to carry a low doseaspirin it could save that person's lifebaby aspirin's the most common it comesinsmall bottles so it doesn't take up alot of space althoughyou have a fair amount of space whenyou're when you're paddlingWatch at: 17:00 / 17:20you have you have room those uh thoseportage packs are pretty goodsize so you could carry a little bitlargerkit first aid kit than you wouldnormally carryum maybe if you have allergies thatperson has anallergy that they require an epipen keepthose things in mindum communicate to them all the membersWatch at: 17:20 / 17:40of the team if you're going with a groupuh and and make sure they know how touse the epi penuh diabetic this is another one that weget a call forcalls for on from time to time uhdiabetic emergencies uhtype one diabetic specifically the folksWatch at: 17:40 / 18:00that requireinsulin on a regular basis umpick a member your party that isn'tsqueamish to be able to to do a bloodsugar checkor uh to deliver some insulin if uhif they need to if the diabeticisn't able to check their own bloodWatch at: 18:00 / 18:20sugar uh it'snot an idea to it's not a bad idea toalsoknow the signs and symptoms make surethe members of your party know thosesigns and symptomsto mitigate that because sometimes whenyou're diabeticyou don't always you're you're notalways uhin the right frame of mind to be able toWatch at: 18:20 / 18:40remember okay i gotta check my bloodsugar i gottayou know if you're past that point havesomebody elsein the party or other members of theparty knowwhat those what those signs and symptomsare if you're of having too muchtoo high blood sugar or too low bloodsugarmake smart choices things like cuttingWatch at: 18:40 / 19:00and carvingdon't do that stuff on your leg we'vebeen called for those things beforeit is not funny uh if you're cutting onyour leg there's a really large arterythat runs in your leg called the femoralarterythat uh you can bleed out from that somixmake some smart choices there uh cuttingWatch at: 19:00 / 19:20or carving don't do it on your leg don'tuhpour in coffee when you see this onefrom time to time as wellyour member party's holding the coffeecup and the other person's pouring intothat coffee cuphot water goes on your hand and uh nowyou've got a burnpotentially a second degree burn secondor third degreeWatch at: 19:20 / 19:40so make smart choices when you're doingsome of these activitiesso let's move on to the next one whichis lost our member of the party lostyou remember your party lose bearings orbecome lost in the backcountryor you will remember your party unknownWatch at: 19:40 / 20:00locationyou don't know where they are theywandered off for firing firewoodand they haven't been back in an hourso what do you do well you should all becarrying whistlesa whistle can the sound of a whistle canWatch at: 20:00 / 20:20carry up to a mileso it's really important that you'reable to signal it carries a lot furtherthan your voice doesso make sure that you're carrying awhistle you don't weigh muchyou can put it around your neck andcarry it all the time it's uhit's not uh it's not a bad idea to haveone go to a rally pointWatch at: 20:20 / 20:40pick a rally point we're going to meethere at this particular timeif i don't if i'm not there 30 minutesafter that timestart signaling start making some typesof signalsand trust your trip itinerary hopefullyall of you are creating trip itinerariesand leaving it with at least five peopleWatch at: 20:40 / 21:00that you trustto let them know when you're going inwhen you're coming outwhat campsites you're planning on usingthe route you're goingand phone numbers st louis county is areal good number to havethose those search and rescue folks arereally good out therethey they respond quickly and they'reWatch at: 21:00 / 21:20very efficient and they're very welltrainedso trust your trip itinerary out thereumi like to keep i i like to keep one onthe on the dash of my carum in the military we called itlkp last known point and as a civilianWatch at: 21:20 / 21:40it's point of last contact so plcum though as a search and rescue personthe first thing i'm going to do is go tothe plci'm going to find out what the infra theinformation i need to knowand then i'm going to start from thereand work my wayand always carry 10 essentials and we'llcover that a little bit laterbut we're going to talk about what those10 essentials are even when i'mWatch at: 21:40 / 22:00wandering off from the groupi throw on a quick day pack and throw mythrow my 10 essentials in therethat that in in the case that i need ityou never know when you're going to needsomething like thatso we'll talk about that a little bitlateryou create and it's really important theWatch at: 22:00 / 22:20trip itineraryi can't put enough information aboutthat umi also keep uh on my watcha little road id that waythe search and rescue folks can go tothat go to the websitethey can see who you are do you have anymedical conditions things like thatWatch at: 22:20 / 22:40so it's not a bad idea to have onegonna be prevented so if you're in agroup don't split up unless you have tonow when i say split up i mean don't goto another campsite unless you have toum if you're going to get firewood orsomething like that and those are commonthingsfolks get lost doing uh it's easy to getWatch at: 22:40 / 23:00turned around when you get into thewoodsdon't split don't go far if you'regetting firewoodyou shouldn't have a problem finding anythere's there's ampledead standing timber out aroundcampsites these daysthat you don't have to go very far toget some decent firewoodum it's not necessary to have a texas aWatch at: 23:00 / 23:20m fire out thereuh so keep that in mind too for leave notrace principlesuh mark your location on a map or gpsif you have a gps and a map with you andyou really should have at least a mapand compassmark your mark your location on your gpsso you canyou can set that waypoint and you'reWatch at: 23:20 / 23:40able to do a reverseback to that waypoint so you can getyourself back or if you use a map to gofindfirewood and you you mark the locationdon't be afraid to use that reverseazimuth on your on your compassto find your way backWatch at: 23:40 / 24:00so the last part is environmentalincoming storms rain lightning or geardamage brand repairthings like thathere's an example of uh some weathercoming inWatch at: 24:00 / 24:20the uh one in the middle is called virgathat's when the rain columns come downyou can kind of see that therethere's some lightning there this is uhthis can be a dangerous situation ifyou're in the back countrythere's very little places to hideWatch at: 24:20 / 24:40so what do you do well if you're everstuck in a situation where there's goingto be a stormand you just can't paddle your way outyou really shouldn't dip the lightningeverybody knows how to count how far howfar away lightning isit's the difference between the noiseand the lightand that's measured in miles uh avoidWatch at: 24:40 / 25:00sheltering near dead standingtimber dead standing timber tends tocome down relatively easily when there'sa high windso please be careful with that uhif you see lightning try not to shelternear nearnear trees uh sometimes it's a littlebit tougher to doWatch at: 25:00 / 25:20but uh try to avoid that as much aspossibleuh if there is lightning above youcrouch down lowstay low you want to be shorter lowerthan anything else above youand stand on a foam pad just ride it outuh try not to huddle together uh it'sWatch at: 25:20 / 25:40it's a common thing that you want to dobecause it'sit makes you feel better and you getsome warmth from that butuh it's it's more chance for everybodyto get hurtand then activate your personal locatorbeacon if you think you need to do itWatch at: 25:40 / 26:00there's not typically a ton that can bedoneuh a lot of times search and rescueteamsprotect themselves first and so youmight not finda lot of teams coming out to find youbut if the storm's far enough away andthey're able to get to you safelyyou typically will umwinds out of the south that's anotherWatch at: 26:00 / 26:20telltale signthat can could be danger comingcumulus clouds we talked aboutvirga are all good warning signsthat the weather's comingand then uh only try to paddle out ifthe lightning is more than 10 minutesWatch at: 26:20 / 26:40awaythat'd be flash to thunderso can it be prevented with someplanningwith advanced planning typically it canbeobviously you know the weather reportsaren't always 100accurate we all know that but you can goWatch at: 26:40 / 27:00to places and getideas on weathertrends and things like that nationaloceanic and atmospheric administrationis a greatplace to go to get some good informationon what type of weather is coming inor could potentially be coming in uhbased on when you're goingWatch at: 27:00 / 27:20and the time of year weather predictioncenterand uh the geostationary operationalenvironmental satellitegraphs show really good informationon places to uh on times that couldpotentially have more storms or stormscould be coming inso know those sites do your researchWatch at: 27:20 / 27:40that should relative to keep yourelatively safeso let's talk about the 10 essentials soi've grouped the 10 essentials intocategories and so we'll cover eachWatch at: 27:40 / 28:00categoryi'll give you a little bit ofinformation about what i carrybut know that your results could varythese are my 10 essentials it doesn'thave to be a lotuh it doesn't have to be a large packfull of gearthese are things that i would carry if iWatch at: 28:00 / 28:20was in an emergencyi can rely on most of these items tokeep me relatively safe first of allit's it's really important to know howto use all of these itemsdon't go out there with an item that youdon't know how to useuh things like uh knives and stuff likeWatch at: 28:20 / 28:40that we'll talk about thosewe're gonna go into each category indetailnavigation is the first camp firstcategoryi always carry a map i carry compass icarry a waterproof notebook and i carrya penciland the reason i carry a pencil is i canjust sharpen that easily i don't have toWatch at: 28:40 / 29:00worry about a penum and i i carry one that i get from thegolf course it's only about yay long soit doesn't take up a lot of space and itweighsalmost nothing the maps i'll print thosein advancei'll print them on i print them on rightin the rain paperbecause it's waterproof uh unfortunatelyWatch at: 29:00 / 29:20it requires that you use a laser printerto do thatbut uh i know that if it gets wet i'mnot going to loseimportant details that i need to beaware of on the mapi carry compass i always carry a compassand know how to use them that's the mostimportant part know how to use thesetoolsWatch at: 29:20 / 29:40if you don't know how to use a map andcompass please please please take a mapin compass classeven a basic class can get you uhout of trouble it can get you intotrouble too but that's a whole otherstoryuh waterproof notebook i carrywaterproof notebook sometimes i like tomake notesof the directions of travel umWatch at: 29:40 / 30:00time of day sometimes it calms me tomake notes if i'm lostit's a journal a little bit and wetalked about why i carry a pencilillumination this doesn't have to beWatch at: 30:00 / 30:20a big operation i carry asimple little flashlight that i got it'ssuper bright and i don'tyou know i don't have to worry about youknow it getting hurt because it'swaterproofunless i carry a light stick and thereason i carry a light stick is so i cansignalat night if you hear any uhWatch at: 30:20 / 30:40any overhead anything coming overheadlike uhfixed wing or rotary wing uh airplaneshelicoptersum i can tie it to a piece of paracordand swing it around and itit's it's visible from a distance so i'dalways carry a light stick with meand then you can you could certainlyWatch at: 30:40 / 31:00carry a headlamp but if you carry aheadlampmake sure you carry spare batteriesfirst aid this is the extent of my firstaid kitin my uh tent essentialsWatch at: 31:00 / 31:20container i use analgene to keepanything everything togetherbut if you need to carry more than thisumyou shouldn't need to carry more thanthis is my point uh i always carry apair of glovesuh if you're treating somebody oryourself you want to make sure thatarea stays as clean as possible sogloves are a good way to do thatWatch at: 31:20 / 31:40uh band-aids i carry a couple four orfive band-aidsuh large bag i carry one large band-aidin case i need to uh cover a larger areai carry ibuprofen tylenol aspirin i'm anibuprofen person tylenol doesn't workfor meWatch at: 31:40 / 32:00your results may vary carry what worksfor youi carry the aspirin in case of a heartconditionwound closer strips those are thoselittle zip the little mini strips thatyou usethey usually they work really well to uhclose an open woundand then i will put the large band-aidWatch at: 32:00 / 32:20over the top of that to keep it cleani carry petroleum jelly i do that for acouple different reasonsuh one i can use it on my lipsfor for chapstick i can use ituh to help start a fire and i can use itto keep a wound moistso i don't carry a non inherent bandageWatch at: 32:20 / 32:39meaning the bandage could potentiallystick and so sometimes i'll put somepetroleum jelly around the area and notin the wound but around the area just tomake sure that the bandy doesn't stickto itand i was carried ziploc bag ah i canuse that for a multitude of reasons plusit keeps my first aid kit dry i alsoWatch at: 32:39 / 33:00carry a bandanaand that can be used and i always carrya bright color uh neverlike a green or a black or a dark bluei just carry i think i carry a pink onemy daughter gave it to me and i carry iti throwit in there um it's from her so it helpsme stay a little close to homeWatch at: 33:00 / 33:20sometimes i'm traveling alone but uhi carry it because it's easy to spot idon't have potential to lose itum one other thing i carry sometimes isthe endwhich i carry is the antibioticappointment it's not sometimes i wascarryingbut i know i don't pack tripleantibioticbecause some people have allergies toWatch at: 33:20 / 33:39one of the antibiotics and a tripleantibiotic ointmentso i tend not to carry triple antibioticjust a notecarry a multi-tool i carry a multi-toolin my emergency kit uh because i it hasa knife on itbut it also has two it also has uhWatch at: 33:39 / 34:00repairsi it's got it's got a pliers on it so icando some repairs to gear if i need to buti alwayswhen i'm in the woods i typically carrya fixed blade knifeum this one is one that i carry oftenum it doesn't have if you're notWatch at: 34:00 / 34:20comfortable carrying a fixed blade knifedon't do it for the first time there'sway morepotential for injury with the knife likethiswhen you're doing if you're doing thingslike carving or chopping orsplitting wood and things like thatyou can still cut yourself with anyknife butWatch at: 34:20 / 34:40don't take anything you don't know howto use sobe comfortable with your multi-tool knowwhat it has know what it hasn'twhat it doesn't have on it and uh you'llknow how to uhyou'll know how to be comfortable usingitfire fire is importantWatch at: 34:40 / 35:00you would be surprised howhow much of an increase in your feelingof well-beinghappens when you light a fire uh we allin minnesota could be nationally i don'thave any evidence of thatlove to sit around the fire uh have aWatch at: 35:00 / 35:20couple cold popsbarley whatever you drink and uh and sitaround a fire andjust stare at it and that warmth thatcomes off of thatuh makes a huge difference um so i carrya couple different ways to start a firewith thisuh i carry windproof waterproof matchesin a caseWatch at: 35:20 / 35:40i carry a big glider thick lighter isgreat to have and i carry a smallone so it doesn't take up a ton of spacei also carry a solid fuel tap those arethe esbit tabs that you can buyonline at amazon or at rei you can splitthem into four sections and they'reprimarily used for cookingbut if you have a lot of wet wood aroundWatch at: 35:40 / 36:00you they're really great to help getthat fire goingand i carry a lip balm lip balm is greatto help start a fireyou can put it on things and a lot oftimes it'll helphelp you get that fire going some of theother things you can carryare things like petroleum jelly cottonballsWatch at: 36:00 / 36:20uh dryer lint umand uh sometimes you can find things inthe in the woodsin the backcountry that help you uh getthat fire goingi'm seeing this increasingly more as ispend time out in the woods but pleasedon't striptrees any more than you needto light a fire we'reWatch at: 36:20 / 36:40starting to see more and more especiallythings like paperbirch bark trees stripped down right tothe wood and it just kills the treesso please uh leave no trace but startyour fireWatch at: 36:40 / 37:00shelter all i carry for shelter is aspace blanket and 25and about 25 feet or 550 cordit's all i need you can do a lot ofthings withthis i taught a class i i did a primerwith my search and rescue teamon starting a fire differentWatch at: 37:00 / 37:20topics within wilderness survivalin the back country and uh i built ashelterwith just the items that were out thereanda rescue blanket and these blankets arecheapyou can get them in really nice bigsizes you can buy them in small littleWatch at: 37:20 / 37:40packs they're really hard to get backinto the pack don't bother tryingum amazon sells them for i don't knowtwo dollars or something like thatso you can find them prettyinexpensively and uhthey throw off they reflect a ton ofheat it's amazingwhat the difference in temperature isand they take up almost no space awayalmost nothingWatch at: 37:40 / 38:0025 feet of cord i always carry 25 feetof corduh it's handy for a multitude of usesfroma clothesline touh to stripping it outand using the individual threads uh youcan do lots of you can sew with themWatch at: 38:00 / 38:20uh with the individual threads there'sthere's a multitude of uses and i alwayscarry a bright colori never carry a color that's darkbecause at nighti don't want to clothesline myself withthathere's an example of a shelter that imade during a wilderness survival classWatch at: 38:20 / 38:40uh with my search and rescue team i tookme a matter ofi don't know something like 35 40minutesit required very minimal effort verylittle energy was expended to build thisand it was mostly supplies at hand soyou can seei've got a space blanket on the back ofthat and that throws off a ton of heatWatch at: 38:40 / 39:00you will be surprised how much of howmuch uhdifferent it feels inside thereuh there's plenty of dead standingtimber around too you don't need to killtrees to build a shelterwe're not building a cabin this is anemergency shelterfood i carry i keep it pretty simpleWatch at: 39:00 / 39:20i carry an energy bar i can chop it upinto sections and eat it a little bit ata timei carry beef jerky and i carry candy ifanybody's ever been in the woods with methey know that i love my gummy bearsi love them i eat them all the time it'squick energyuh it gets me through the day um and itWatch at: 39:20 / 39:40i it's just it's my comfort food this iswhat i carry with mei get it in a small package and i canput it inside mymy uh my kit and i don't have to worryaboutuh i don't have to worry about nothaving my gummy bears because i gottahaveWatch at: 39:40 / 40:00i also like to take bullion cubessimple little bouillon cubes boil themin some waterand i get uh salt and i get a hot drinkso this is kind of nice to carry weighsnothing uh andit's really nice sometimes to have a hotdrinkWatch at: 40:00 / 40:20clothing and sun protection i carry abuffi carry a beanie and i carry a tallkitchen garbage bagthose are the things that i carry in myemergency kit but you're probablywonderingwell why would you put the garbage bagin there well because they make greatponchosif you're getting wet punch a holeWatch at: 40:20 / 40:40through the head for your headcoupled for your arms and throw it onyou and i always carry a white one nevera black onethat way i'm easy to spotuh it's better to pack wear light layersrather thanrather than a lot of thick layers unlessWatch at: 40:40 / 41:00it's winter timethat's differenti carry wool and fleece i never carrycottonin my opinion cotton kills all righthangs onto moistureit saps away your your body heat througha process called conductionit is in my opinion i i don't i don'tWatch at: 41:00 / 41:20carry cotton out in the woodsand just makes you feel clammy it hangson your moisturewater purification now this one'simportantdon't ever assume water is safebecause water is not safe i carryWatch at: 41:20 / 41:40you you can't assume it gr things likegiardia and cryptosporidium are justnasty nasty bugs to have andif you're already in a survivalsituation you don't want to getyou don't want to have diarrhea as wellgrantedgiardia uh takes a prosomething between seven to ten daysWatch at: 41:40 / 42:00before your first onset of symptomsbut i'd i'd rather treat my treat mywatersome people boil and that's fine too youcan certainly boil your wateryou can filter i find filters tend to bea little bit larger so i don't typicallycarry themsome people even carry some people evenWatch at: 42:00 / 42:20carry small bottles of bleachyou can treat your water with bleach ina short termonly bleach in a long term is very veryuncomfortableand it's very hard on your system souh i would i would just assume carry abottle of potable aqua comes in a bottleabout yay bigWatch at: 42:20 / 42:40there's 50 pills in there treats aquarter water or something like thateach it's it's it's really uhit's it's really safer for me to carrydon't moral of the story is don'tdehydrate the backcountryand everything fits into my analogy wellWatch at: 42:40 / 43:00almost my compass doesn't quite fit intomy analogy but it's got a short enoughcord i can put it aroundscrew on the top and it stays on therebut uhyour tent essentials kit in shortdoesn't have to be a bigit doesn't have to be a huge kit doesn'trequire a big bagit all fits inside your analogy and andWatch at: 43:00 / 43:20it's easy to transporteasy to throw in a day pack and you'regood granted you have a lot of roomin a in a in a canoe when you'repaddling in the boundary waters butthat's not always the casea little story uh gentlemanin the woods he islost lost his direction which is easy toWatch at: 43:20 / 43:40do by the way it's easy to be uhtemporary just temporarily displacedso he thought he could uh cover moreground by taking his pack off and thengo to find the trailand then come back and get his pack it'sfound a couple days laterwithout his pack cold wet aliveWatch at: 43:40 / 44:00but uh we never when his pack was neverfoundso just know that uh make smart choiceswhen you're out thereuh don't leave anything behindespecially if you think you're gonnaseparate don't panic don't panicWatch at: 44:00 / 44:20with some planning and somesome forethought and make smart choicesyou uhyou'll you'll be safe out there andyou'll have a good timechance favors to prepare in mind i ilike the same for a myriad of reasonsbecause if you are preparedyou've created that trip itineraryWatch at: 44:20 / 44:40you've got your 10 essentialsyou've got uh you know how to use allyour equipmentyou're you've got much your chances arevery much improved if youdo get lost in the woodsmy time is up i have time for questionsWatch at: 44:40 / 45:00maya i'm going to uh you want to fireoff some questions for meyeah so i'll jump in here um we've got alot of really good questionsin the chat one kind of overall note afew people are asking if this isrecordedum yeah we are recording this sessionand i can send that out to everybodyWatch at: 45:00 / 45:20um tomorrow um we'll have it a link toour youtube pagewhere we'll have this recording um soi'll just kind ofpoke through some of these questionsi guess i'll start off with sort of adifferent one but someone is wonderingif you have ever had to be rescued or umif there's an interesting orWatch at: 45:20 / 45:40scary situation that you are willing totell us aboutthat could be informative of maybe whatnot to do oror what you did in a situation like thatsureumi have to think about that when i was oni was in badlands national park i did asolo trip from canada canyon to piratereservation and backWatch at: 45:40 / 46:00and i wasn't really prepared for how hotit wasgoing to be i went in july and uhi didn't pack enough water and for thoseof you that know badlands national parkthere is uh there's no potable water inbat in the badlands you can't filter itWatch at: 46:00 / 46:20there's nothing there that's safe todrinkum so there was a bunch of poor choicesthat were made on my partprimarily time of year and planningum that i ended up not wellthat kind of getting rescued there weresome people that happened to comethrough and uhWatch at: 46:20 / 46:40they got me to some definitive careum obviously dehydrated and things likethatbut uh it comes down to planning ithought i had enough wateri had placed my water caches in localspecific locations on my way downso on my way back i would know wherethey wereWatch at: 46:40 / 47:00and then the batteries died on my gpsand i couldn't find my sparesso all those points that i'd markedwhere i'd stash my wateri i don't know where the water was soyou know it's one of those things wherewe're relying on technology and thatbrings up a really good pointyou know a lot of us have these watchesyou know apple watchesWatch at: 47:00 / 47:20fitbit whatever it is that you're usingremember you have to charge these thingsso when i'm going in the backcountry nowi stopped using my apple watch i justcarry my regular watchbecause i can do a lot of things with itnot just tell timei can use it as a makeshift compassthings like that and there's really goodyoutube videos about that you can doWatch at: 47:20 / 47:40but relying on technology is adouble-edged swordum there there's a lot of great thingsout there there's a really there's somereally great techout there but uh you kind of have to youhave to be careful with that kind ofstuff because you need to be able tocharge itand don't rely on too heavily and i didand it cost meWatch at: 47:40 / 48:00yeah well thanks for for sharing thatyeah i think i know a lot of people havequestions aboutcell phones in the boundary watersgenerally too so i think that's a gooda good point i can bless that real quickand we can get back to those plbsbut uh don't plan on having cell phonecoverage in the backcountrybecause you can't guarantee it's gonnaWatch at: 48:00 / 48:20happen umi did uh i did a hike on uh mountwhitneyand uh yeah you can't guarantee that youhavecell phone coverage so we talked alittle bit about the plbsuh personal locator beacons uh they'regreatas long as they're charged plbs the mostWatch at: 48:20 / 48:40common ones are things like garmin andinreach mini the little one and thenit's a spotthose are great when they have power andthey're great to use in in terms ofemergenciesbut you need to have a couple there's acouple criteria that need to be metfirst of all you have to pay for asubscriptionand second of all you have to have clearairWatch at: 48:40 / 49:00you have to have a clear view of the skybecause remember these things are gpsso don't rely too heavily on techhow's that yeah looking through thecommentsand questions it looks like we have afew different people umaaron and ted and a few others askedaboutWatch at: 49:00 / 49:20if there's a windstorm while you're inyour tent at nightwhat's the best protocol should youleave the tent and findsomewhere else or what what would beyour suggestion thereif there's no lightning or anything ofthat nature if you guide down your tentgood enough and you trust iti it's okay to stay in it um i was uh iWatch at: 49:20 / 49:40did a through hike of the superiorhiking trail in 2017 and i took ahammock with meand uh i slung the hammock and the windsjust picked up and they started blowingand you know trees were falling allaround meum which trees that i thought weren'tthat closebut uh you know you hear it andWatch at: 49:40 / 50:00everything sounds like it's about twofeet away from youum i stayed put umi i ended up fine umi think you have to evaluate howsturdy your tent is and if you've guideddown well enoughand and and and your your tent isWatch at: 50:00 / 50:20relatively sturdythen yeah absolutely go ahead and stayin that if you'reconcerned about things like widowmakersand things like that then find aclearingum which isn't always which isn't alwaysgreat to doespecially since you know most of thetimes you've got your tent set up it'snighttimeand now you have to try to find aclearing so keep those things in mindWatch at: 50:20 / 50:40you're gonna have to evaluate thosethings andi'm sorry i don't have a real clearanswer for you butfor the most part i i tend to stay putgreat thank you yeah umother questions somebody is wonderingabouthypothermia um how to avoid it and whatWatch at: 50:40 / 51:00to doif you do get hypothermia soit's a really good question um there's alot of things you can do to mitigatehypothermia when you'rewhen you're in the back backcountry onething is don't overheatdon't be afraid to take off layers ifyou start to feel yourself get warmWatch at: 51:00 / 51:20from activity because what hypothermiais essentially is areduction of your core temperature as aresult of thingsoutside influences making you cold a lotof times what happens ispeople will start to work and they'llstart paddling or they'll starthiking and they start to sweat and thentheir clothes hang on to thatWatch at: 51:20 / 51:40that moisture for whatever length oftime and it starts to sap that body heataway from youdon't be afraid to throw on that spaceblanket you know that space blanket inyour tent essentials i carry it with icarry it in the car because i i canthrow that thing on it'll reflect someheat it'll keep me warmi never wear cotton that's one of thosethingsthat you know cotton hangs onto thatWatch at: 51:40 / 52:00moisture and through that process ofconductionit pulls that heat away from your bodymaking you coldso you know those are a couple thingsyou can do to mitigate thatum don't be afraid to eat something ifyou start to feel yourself feeling alittle bit hypothermictake a bite of a energy bar or somethinglike that because your body will beWatch at: 52:00 / 52:20digesting thatand through that digestion you'llactually generate body heat to help keepthat core temperature where it needs tobebut the the key is keeping yourself drygreat yeah by the way that eatingsomething is a great tip for you go tobedtake a bite of something my bodyWatch at: 52:20 / 52:40because of your activity level becausewhat you're doing out there is differentthan what you do in the cityyou tend to have a higher activity levelyour body burns up those calories a lotfaster than you can take them inif i like to eat something before i goto bed because my body is generatingthat heat and it's a really good pointWatch at: 52:40 / 53:00it's a really good tip for wintercamping as wellyeah that's a good point umdistracted by all of these goodquestions hereum is it bad to pitch a tent near theroots of treesWatch at: 53:00 / 53:20i don't know that's necessarily bad uh ionce againyou need to really pay attention towhat's up and around you i meanwidowmakersand that's those dangerous branches thatare up in theyou know that are partially broken thatcould come down at any minute nowindecent wind those uh those tend to beWatch at: 53:20 / 53:40a little bit more precarious than othersi tend to not camp itend to not set up right under a tree uhyou're tempted to because of that littleextra layer of protection that itprovidesbut i tend to not camp too close totrees i tend to be out more of aclearing area if i can find oneum unless you're hammock campingWatch at: 53:40 / 54:00obviously then you kind of don't havemuch of a choicebut uh even then you can get between twotrees you're not thatclose um but i tend not to campunderneath treeswhich can sometimes be hard in theboundary waters but absolutelyabsolutely and you knowWatch at: 54:00 / 54:20you need to pick the place that sucksthe least that's really whatthat's really what it comes down to umyou know i showed you that picture withthe with the tentwhile that looks like a great place tocampin theory make sure you look up down andaroundyou know you can tell where water isWatch at: 54:20 / 54:40rushed throughon a recent rainstorm because you'll seethe branches are moved away and theleaves have moved to the side and you'llseeclear dirt so that gives it's a realtelltale sign thatthere's water coming through hereprobably not the best place to set upyour tent or set up an emergencyshelter so just keep those kinds ofthings in mindWatch at: 54:40 / 55:00great yeah well it looks like we'regetting kind of to the end of our timeso i'llmaybe ask one final question and thenwrap it upum so the last one i mean there's we gota lot umin the chat here but somebody iswondering is the boundary waterspatrolled by airand how do you signal and how do youWatch at: 55:00 / 55:20kind of get attentionum if you do need rescue so i like to ionce again i carry that that light stickif i hear anythingit's not typically patrolled by errorunless there's unless is a callum i don't i don't recall hearinganything specific i i'mWatch at: 55:20 / 55:40you and you can go to the st louiscounty face facebook page and they andin front and like it and you'll getupdates on what they're doing out therebut um i don't recall them justpatrolling for the sake of patrollingum another tip you know we talked alittle bit about plbs earliersome of your outfitters that some of youWatch at: 55:40 / 56:00are going to be usingdo have these plbs or sat phones thatyou're able to usethat you're able to rent as part of yourregular gearso know that there's a couple of themout there that you can rent that stuffif you need to and then you don't haveto make the purchase because a spotlocatorWatch at: 56:00 / 56:20is something like a hundred and fiftydollars and the inreach mini is 299dollarsthat's a lot of cash to shell outsometimes so you soso you can rent them from some of theoutfitters that you're you're gettingyour gear fromgreat that's super helpful umyeah so it looks like we're not going tobe able to get to all the questionsWatch at: 56:20 / 56:40today so i'm going to put myemail address in the chat and feel freeto umemail me with further questions and ican forward those onand make sure they get answered sothat's going in the chat now i alsowanted todraw attention at friends of theboundary waters we do havea web page to help plan your tripWatch at: 56:40 / 57:00explore think about what things youmight need to planum that is in the chat there as well soi encourage you tocheck out that site um and i know thatum jr has classes you can sign up for sofeel free to to get in contact with ustoo if you're interested in learningmore about thatWatch at: 57:00 / 57:20um wanted to thank you so much jr forthis great presentationi took some notes down i've learned alot here and i've seen a lot of peopleum have have great feedback already inthe comments so we reallyappreciate you being here and all of thework that you're doingum thanks to everybody who joined i'mreally glad you could join usstay tuned for more webinars that we'llWatch at: 57:20 / 57:40keep doing throughout the springand have a great afternoon everybodythanks safethanks all be safe have fun

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  1. Saint Louis County Rescue Squad is the FB page he mentions at the end for the SAR that usually manages the BW. They do not patrol. You are likely to run across the USFS scouting for fires though. We live in Ely and they head out several times a day when conditions for fires are ripe so they are worth trying to flag down, too, if needed. Otherwise, the BW has a flight restriction for altitude to protect the quiet and solitude so you are unlikely to flag down a passing personal or commercial jet line. SAR if they are out on a call or USFS beaver float planes watching for fires.


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