Yosemite National Park Virtual Tour 5/4

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Watch at: 00:00 / 00:00:20hello everybody my name is Chris Whitesides and I work for CaliforniaState University Northridge Associated Students outdoor adventure program I'msuper excited to welcome you to our first recorded tour of Yosemite NationalPark I know being a recording it doesn't apply out imply a lot of interactivitybut we're gonna try and change that by directing you to our Google Earth kindWatch at: 00:20 / 00:40of curated tour custom tour of spots that we think you're the coolest in thepark itself so option one you definitely don't have to go find this link on yourown I'll share my screen and we can just follow along that way or if you want todo the click in and look in the easiest way is to probably Google CSUN outdoorWatch at: 00:40 / 01:00adventures and follow links to outdoor online from there you'll find an archiveof the video section and you can click the Yosemite hyperlink will try and spamthat more places on our website but that's easiest way for now otherwise youcan painstakingly type in the URL which is in the chat right there or what'shonestly probably easiest was just email us at outdoor adventures at CSUN edu andWatch at: 01:00 / 01:20I'd be happy to get you that link go ahead and pause me if you want to gopoke around and try and find that hidden link or wait I'll be quick on the emailsif you do want to email us for that link as well otherwise feel free to open upthe Yosemite National Park page which has a lot of really good informationWatch at: 01:20 / 01:40because disclaimer I'm not a park ranger I'm not a biological scientist I'm not ageologist I don't think I've ever even taken a science class in my life I'm aglorified backpacking guide I just really love the park and green space ingeneral so please treat this quick 20-minute tour as just that we're gonnaWatch at: 01:40 / 02:00go wander around and look at some fun places and I'll rattle off some storiesabout the human history of the park that I think you're fun and interesting butagain please do triple triple check in fact check me using that nps.gov pagewith that being said if you still need to pause me to go find the Google Earthand bring it up I think that's a fun way to interact otherwise we're gonna jumpWatch at: 02:00 / 02:20straight into it as I share my screen and we can see a beautiful overhead shotof the US where the National Park System and really protected spaces in generalbeen referred to as America's best idea there's more and more research paperscoming out that postulate that this was the best idea because it checks someWatch at: 02:20 / 02:40psychological boxes with the concept of monumentalism and that are relativelyyoung nation did not have the cathedrals the aqueducts thousands and thousands ofyear old sculptures buildings monuments but instead we had these pristineuntouched places that many other parts of the world didn't have it wasWatch at: 02:40 / 03:00relatively quick that the national parks protected lands wild spaceand it became ingrained in American values we're gonna go ahead and startzooming in from that big broad overview to where the heck we're going which is akind of central a little bit East California into the Sierra Nevada whichWatch at: 03:00 / 03:20you can see on this inlaid picture the Sierra Nevada is a massive mountainrange that kind of runs down the central eastern spine of the state and his homeinto some of those most pristine wilderness and protected areas we werejust referring to places like Sequoia National Park Kings Canyon National ParkWatch at: 03:20 / 03:40Yosemite and even the more developed places like Lake Tahoe still reallybeautiful spots with incredible recreational opportunities up and downthat mountain range we're gonna keep on zooming in to the central Sierra intoWatch at: 03:40 / 04:00Yosemite National Park in that inlaid picture you can see that YosemiteNational Park is not just what we've captured with Google Earth but isactually 750,000 acres of National Park supermassive definitely not the biggestnational park but an impressive size nonetheless today we're gonna spend theWatch at: 04:00 / 04:20vast majority of our time exploring Yosemite Valley which is just thislittle tiny if you can see my cursor it's this little tiny strip of a 7.5mile spot of really the the highlights of the park but that's not to say thatthere is a beauty throughout those 750,000 acresWatch at: 04:20 / 04:40so without further ado we're gonna enter into our first interactive 360 degreeview as we make it all the way to tunnel view and have an incredible outlook atYosemite National Park it gets me every time such a cool shot before we keepWatch at: 04:40 / 05:00jumping around and keep talking about the park let me do a quick little introto using this Google Earth function software what we can do first is you canclick anywhere on this picture and you can drag to look around if youwant to do some people watching or if you want to Center on El Capitan we canWatch at: 05:00 / 05:20go ahead and look wherever the heck you want to see some cool leggings all rightoh and if you see something that you think is interesting like bridal veilfalls right here you can use this plus or minus feature to zoom in your camerapretty self-explanatory by zooming in all of a sudden we've seen Half Domepeeking out from the very far end of the valley if you use that minus feature tooWatch at: 05:20 / 05:40long or you click on this little stick figure you're gonna pop out of that360-degree view all we need to do to get back in is grab that stick figure andyou can place him anywhere that is blue a blue track is gonna mean that you canwalk your little stick figure back and forth just while you're in this view soWatch at: 05:40 / 06:00right now we've got a different view of the park but because we were on thistrack oh we don't have it this way sometimes you'll see white arrows thatyou can move yourself backwards forwards without going into that overhead viewthe last and most important piece of this function is this next slide featureWatch at: 06:00 / 06:20which we're gonna use as we hop around the park and without further ado let'sgo ahead and ascend about 5,000 feet from tunnel view to Eagles Peak Eaglespeak is gonna give us a little bit different view of the park as we lookfrom the top of those big sheared granite cliff walls that tunnel view weWatch at: 06:20 / 06:40were about four thousand feet above sea level pretty high but right now we'resitting at about 9,000 feet which is the kind of the peak or the pinnacle of thatvalley wall from here we can take a peek at the valley in a different perspectiveand also start to think about the timeline of how this was featured howWatch at: 06:40 / 07:00this feature was geologically created because even for the Sierra Nevada thisis not your typical view this does not exist everywhere in the u.s. let alonein California let alone the Sierra Nevada so how the heck did it come to bea lot of times we like to think of glaciers creating this but the storyWatch at: 07:00 / 07:20actually begins much much much longer much longer before glaciers even came tobe in the Sierra Nevada how this really happened was these granite rocks thesebig sheer cliffs like Half Dome formed miles and miles under the earth and viaup lifting or tectonic plate movement that granite rock was slowly started toWatch at: 07:20 / 07:40move towards the surface towards the top as that granite rock moved more and morethe hard granite stayed while the softer sediment and other parts of rock wasslowly worn away via erosion with just that granite left we start to get thoseWatch at: 07:40 / 08:00valleys forming and with the help of some hydrological features like Nevadafalls over there in the background so while that uplifting is really creatingthat separation between the granite and the valley floor then we finally have aperiod of glaciation where massive glaciers really were everywhere in theWatch at: 08:00 / 08:20Sierra Nevada and filling up the parts of the valleyfor whatever reason whenever I hear glaciers I think iceberg no that's nottrue but I always need to remind myself that a glacier is just really this supermassive snow and ice pack that's incredibly dense does not melt in oneWatch at: 08:20 / 08:40season but melts over hundreds and hundreds thousands of years and as itmelts that slowly like a bulldozer pushes downhill to lower elevations andmove sediment pushes sediment rock and silt away from it carving out kind of aWatch at: 08:40 / 09:00canyon that we know today so that was a ridiculously fast movementthrough 200 million years 200 million years plusof geologic activity that has given us this really cool scar this really coolfeature let's go ahead and jump on to the next slideas we've fall back into the valley floor and we have this incredible view of theWatch at: 09:00 / 09:20Merced River and of Yosemite Falls which is the largest waterfall all of NorthAmerica I don't think contiguous us I don'tthink North America but definitely in the u.s. highest waterfall and you canWatch at: 09:20 / 09:40see how this pretty pristine spot would be a really cool place to call homewhich brings us to human history and we have records of eight thousand years ofhuman history far beyond the National Park Service the the peoples that firstinhabited the valley or most likely first inhabited the valley we're calledWatch at: 09:40 / 10:00the me walk people which translates to just that the people there were tribesthat ranged through a lot of California especially in the kind of southernSierra more specifically in the valley floor itself was of people called theAhwahneechee and they had a really cool didn't call the valley YosemiteWatch at: 10:00 / 10:20they called it awanee which translated to gaping mouths which we can kind ofsee as we rotate this around now you could see those granite walls thosegranite cliffs acting like a mouth as they lived on the valley floor the l1Ichi people traded with surrounding tribes whether that was pumping outWatch at: 10:20 / 10:40through the Eastern Sierra by Mono Lake or down into what now is the San JoaquinValley the all one each people are still aroundand call this region home which is really cool let's go ahead and move upfrom those indigenous peoples to a location just outside the park that IWatch at: 10:40 / 11:00think is really special and really cool of Mariposa Grove home to the giantsequoia tree which is one of the largest organisms in the entire world there'ssome debate whether like tree systems that share roots or coral reefs are oneWatch at: 11:00 / 11:20singular living organ which they are but the Sequoia is thelargest organism we as we kind of know as it organize compared to a blue whaleor the Sequoia tree is super cool because for as big as massive andimpressive as it is it's got super duper it almost feels like a brittle bark thatWatch at: 11:20 / 11:40you can almost like rub and it'll come off and that's bark especially isspecially adapted to be super flame-retardant for as big as this boysare they create one of the smallest pine cones and the smallest seeds the seedsare like smaller than a pinky nail just crazy thing grows into that but duringWatch at: 11:40 / 12:00forest fires the trees have adapted not only to be able to survive those forestfire but know that Super fertile ashen soil is coming after those fires andthat really engages what makes those seeds kind of fire off and if we swingaround we can see for as big as the Sequoias are they have a relativelyWatch at: 12:00 / 12:20shallow root system but regardless of these strange or different helpful orhurtful adaptations these trees can live I believe I've read the oldest treesomewhere is 3,500 years old just nuts predates the Roman Empire a singleliving organism which is just incredibly crazy to me so we know Mariposa GroveWatch at: 12:20 / 12:40ism is important and special there are only so many sequoia groves we know thevalley is beautiful and has an abundance of natural life Natural Resources haswater the valley began to fill up with idea in the movement of manifest destinyWatch at: 12:40 / 13:00of western expansion in of pioneer settlers homesteaders people startedflooding the valley for a variety of reasons besides that natural beautyseemed like a really good place to start a balumbo mill it seemed like anWatch at: 13:00 / 13:20incredible place to start your trapping Enterprise seemed like a really goodplace to drop a homestead maybe right between those cliffs maybe on top of thewaterfall up style but regardless the valley in the largerpark started filling up as more and more settlers came to California there wasWatch at: 13:20 / 13:40also a lot of prospecting too I mentioned that one regardless the valleyis starting to fill up and at some point it requires some level of peacekeepingfrom the federal government one of the first battalions that came out was theMariposa battalion an even more famous battalion that came and startedWatch at: 13:40 / 14:00patrolling the park as we know it and became the archetype of the prototypefor Park Rangers were Buffalo Soldiers a regiment of all african-american men whoreally became the first federally designated protectors of the park theyWatch at: 14:00 / 14:20were dubbed buffalo soldiers by the indigenous peoples they call this placehome because of their hair thick curly hair reminded indigenous people of thehair of a buffalo they got the name and the name stuck but they were incrediblyimportant in paving the way for the National Park System Park Rangers and aWatch at: 14:20 / 14:40resource protection at a federal level let's keep on jumping around as we go toslide 9 which takes us back up to the valley wall on top of Glacier Pointwhere we have a picture of Teddy Roosevelt and John Muir which I'll getto but before Teddy Roosevelt came to thepark before the park was a National Park it's filling up we've got a coupleWatch at: 14:40 / 15:00different battalions in here protecting stuff and in 1864 it's kind of reached aboiling point where something needs to be done to ensure the protection of thisspace from development at that point it was President Abraham Lincoln long agoWatch at: 15:00 / 15:20who signed a woops but passed an act that protected or designated Yosemitenot as a national park but is the first federally protected lands the historyBuster in 1864 there's a Lincoln had a bigger fish to fry in the form of theWatch at: 15:20 / 15:40u.s. Civil War so I like to think someone kept bugging him like heythere's this really cool spot we should do something about it and he said I'mgonna protect it we'll get to it later we'll form this whole big better systemthat whole big better system eventually came in the form of the National ParkSystem in which yeah Yellowstone to many wise Yellowstone was the first formalWatch at: 15:40 / 16:00National Park in the NPS system thanks to folks like President Teddy Rooseveltand John Muir champion advocate naturalist poet and so many other thingsbut thanks to advocates like these folks Yosemite became the third protectedNational Park and John Muir is really the champion of the park his name is onWatch at: 16:00 / 16:19every trail he's in every visitor center because of what an advocate he was forprotecting this space a lot of green spaces natural spaces throughout the USbut in particular Yosemite John Muir was a Scottish bornimmigrant lived in Wisconsin for a while studied medicine study biologyWatch at: 16:19 / 16:40eventually just came out to the Sierra with a knapsack bred would hike thesetrails for ever and ever and really fell in love with this park and dedicated hislife to protecting this space one of his kind of most famous feet he's got awhole bunch of famous feets though was inviting Teddy Roosevelt out toWatch at: 16:40 / 17:00experience this location the bull moose Teddy Roosevelt's nickname was a bit ofan outdoorsman himself so he and mr. Muir decided to go on a backpacking tripto it this is thought to be one of the only time was that when the sittingpresident of the United States went missing no one knew where Teddy was butWatch at: 17:00 / 17:20he and John were out backpacking in Yosemite National Park I really likedthat so I just - two guys going out despite being one of the most importantpeople in the world with the formation of the National Park there's some levelof development that comes to make at Park feasible the idea that visitorsWatch at: 17:20 / 17:40need to come out with some level of comfort to experience this park to seethe net to see the nature to see value and to continue to be advocates for thepark one of those ways came with the awanee hotel which is a big beautiful Ithink it's beautiful I think it's cool because it wasWatch at: 17:40 / 18:00designed to fit in with granite rock walls andreally not be obtrusive but really blend in and accentuate the naturalenvironment the awanee Hotel was a redesigned barracks repurposed by thefirst National Park director Stephen Mather so it went from barracks to LodgeWatch at: 18:00 / 18:20then it went back to army control actually Navy control when it was turnedinto a military hospital during World War two this was really cool because itwas part of kind of like the cutting-edge treatment of post-traumaticstress disorder among soldiers where they'd come to convalesce I think thisWatch at: 18:20 / 18:40board where they'd come to get better after serving in the militaryeventually the hotel was returned to just that a hotel from its short briefperiod as a military hospital so I think this is one of the cool ways thatdevelopment happens even in a national park to share with other people IWatch at: 18:40 / 19:00skipped a slide but we're gonna go back to 10 out of 15 where we see what mightbe a different take on development in national parks so right now we arelooking at Oh slawsa knee dam and the Hetch Hetchy Reservoir one of the moreWatch at: 19:00 / 19:20controversial projects in Yosemite National Park and fought tooth and nailagainst by that John Muir that we're talking about you can kind of see if yousquint tilt your head to the side if there was no reservoir here no waterWatch at: 19:20 / 19:40this valley might look similar to that of Yosemite Valley that we've beenseeing we've got same massive granite faceswe've got the same waterfalls streaming in but during the time that the damproject was proposed and completed there was a massive need for hydroelectricWatch at: 19:40 / 20:00power in the Bay Area as well as drinking or usable water for agricultureand the growing metropolitan area of San Francisco regardless of your politicalHetch Hetchy Reservoir was passed and completed providing hydroelectric powerin drinking water and allowing the bay area to grow into the metropolitan areaWatch at: 20:00 / 20:20that it is today with that being said there are somepermanent impacts of dams and there are some folks that would argue against themlike John Muir today there are over 70,000 dams in the US which is anincredible number and always blows my mind definitely not the same size as theWatch at: 20:20 / 20:40Hetch Hetchy project but still quite a few so if the awanee was our version ofkind of middling development how people in the park and Hetch Hetchy might be onthe further end of the spectrum of higher development the park as we knowWatch at: 20:40 / 21:00it now is really settled into home and is protected space as it's designedbuilt mission is to get visitors out to see this protected area I like to userock climbing as a relatively cheesy metaphor for all that development andfor visitors coming out to the park because the history of rock climbingWatch at: 21:00 / 21:20comes from folks predating John Muir blast and carving scraping holes andholds four feet in hands to climb all the way to the top of places like ElCapitan right now what is kind of the climbers mecca the biggest of big wallgranite face climbing in the world probably so if those first climbers cameWatch at: 21:20 / 21:40and they've tried to do first descents by blasting scraping carving changingthe face of these walls that slowly became less and less invasive lessobtrusive we went from blasting those holes tojust forcing in Pitons these massive giant nails that got hammered slammedWatch at: 21:40 / 22:00into the rock face where we could tie ropes to and continue those a sensethose big old Pitons turned into smaller bolts or eye bolts which you could tie arope into and still climb up those eyebolts eventually went away and turnedinto nuts or camming devices weird little instruments that fit inside theWatch at: 22:00 / 22:20crack of a wall that wouldn't come out in case you fellon your rope but when you were done you could remove them so it looked like noone there was no trace left as you climbed up the wall and an even moreextreme development athletes like Alex Honnold they're just crazy but athletesWatch at: 22:20 / 22:40like Alex Honnold are really pioneering free climbing no carved hand holds noPitons no eyebolts no nothing just you and the face of the rock definitely donot try this at home but definitely watch some documentaries like free soloWatch at: 22:40 / 23:00and the dawn wall if you want to learn more about this extremely dangerousextreme sport but again El Capitan it's kind of the climbers Mecca and reallythe biggest big walk other folks will camp out as they do it if we're doing itthe robed way they'll bring portal edges for like beds cots that you can set upWatch at: 23:00 / 23:20and they'll actually sleep right on the granite face as they continue on theirway up crazy crazy sport but most people asthey're coming to the park and by most I mean the four to five million peoplethat visit the park annually are not coming to free solo El Cap butWatch at: 23:20 / 23:40are coming to take part in some of the most popular trails like the mist trailright here where we're looking at vernal falls massive amount of water comingdown this picture has got to be taken in the early spring late spring earlysummer when all that snowmelt is just pumping this waterfall full the misttrail is cool because it's the start of the John Muir Trail there's our guysWatch at: 23:40 / 24:00named John Muir the John Muir Trail is one of most famous trails in Californiabut it is a massive trail that runs from Yosemite National Park the valley floorthis is like the first three miles of it all the way about 21 days 221 ish milesto Mount Whitney in the southern Sierra Mount Whitney being the highest pointWatch at: 24:00 / 24:20the highest elevations in the contiguous US named after John Muir the trail takesanywhere from 14 to 21 to 30 days of just backpacking you've got your tentyour sleeping bag at your stove everything that you would need for those20-plus days on your back you've got just your feetWatch at: 24:20 / 24:40to take you to Yosemite Valley all the way to Mount Whitney an incredible trailand really this start is super famous as we go through the mist trail and we seevernal falls let's keep on keeping on as we pop another five miles up the trailmaybe not even five miles and we see another just absolutely gorgeousWatch at: 24:40 / 25:00waterfall which is Nevada Falls and this one's huge Yosemite is home to over 900different species of animals and home to even more flora like the Sequoia thegiant sequoia that lives here the shot is really cool I mean with the cloudsWatch at: 25:00 / 25:20with the treeline with the granite wall with the waterfall itself and with theroaring Merced River which eventually will flow down by Fresno the shot reallyhas it all really leaves you with that feeling of whyNational Parks work you know somebody's best excuse me America's best idea let'sWatch at: 25:20 / 25:40go on and finish up with our final slide as we go back to one of these meadowsone more view of the valley floor with some kind of fog and cloud rollingthrough yeah again this is just 7.5 miles that we've really jumped aroundWatch at: 25:40 / 26:00there are way more parts of the park that we didn't even get to we didn'tspend a lot of time looking at give so many Falls upper or lower we didn'tspend a lot of time in the Tuolumne area we didn't do Olmsted pointing at theWatch at: 26:00 / 26:20back of the valley but feel free to continue using this Google Earth featureby picking up your little guy zooming out and really seeing all the differentplaces which you can drop your drop your view and look at waterfalls so that isWatch at: 26:20 / 26:40the end of our friendly walk through the park oh yeah this is just in just in thepark this is our end of our friendly walkthrough the park again my name is Chris I'll open up that chat again as I stopWatch at: 26:40 / 27:00sharing I'll put all those links back in so again Google I'll see some outdooradventures follow the breadcrumb trail to outdoor online where you can accesseven more of these videos as well as our Google Earth projects if you like thatlittle curated custom project or if you want to make one that's better please doWatch at: 27:00 / 27:20super easy to use and then email it to us at outdooradventures@csun.edu andagain double check all my facts and information by going to nps.govto find out information about the park from more legitimate sources then yourfriendly backpacking guide but that being said thank you again for joiningWatch at: 27:20 / 27:40if you want to help support CSUN outdoor adventures as we really try to pioneerthese virtual programs during these stressful quarantine times and break upquarantine routines with more of our videos you can find donation tabs thatCSUN outdoor adventures as well and we do appreciate continuing we appreciateWatch at: 27:40 / 28:00whatever donation or support you can give we do 100% intend to keep all theseprograms free for you to use with that being said if there's custom programs wecan do for your classroom for any group for a family we're up for it I'm stuckat home I'll make 100 one of these different videos from national parks tooI'm working on one diving with whales so we've got 101 different coolWatch at: 28:00 / 28:20opportunities coming up so thank you again for joining us and we look forwardto seeing you at our next live or heck recorded event have a great day

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